The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks The KISS Workbooks Anthology
Mixed Retained Complements 
Based on Heidi by Johanna Spyri
A. Analysis:
1. Put parentheses ( ) around each prepositional phrase. 
2. Underline subjects once, finite verbs twice, and label complements (“PN,” “PA,” “IO,” “DO”).
3. Write a "P" over every passive verb, and label retained complements with an "R" -- "RPN," "RPA," "RIO," "RDO."
4. Place brackets around each subordinate clause. If the clause functions as a noun, label its function (PN, IO, DO, OP) above the opening bracket. If it functions as an adjective or adverb, draw an arrow from the opening bracket to the word that the clause modifies.
5. Put a vertical line at the end of every main clause.
B. Rewrite each sentence changing the passive voice into active.

1. When he was made master, he came home to the village and 

married my sister Adelheid.

2. She is convinced that an old Sesemann is wandering about, 

expiating some dreadful deed.

3. Tinette was told to prepare Heidi for her departure.

4. The happy grandmama was told that Heidi had suddenly learned

to read with the utmost correctness, most rare with beginners.

5. The butler, hardly able to keep his countenance, was told to place

the dish on the table and leave the room.

6. Here she was also given her lessons.

7. After that the child was told how to accost the servants and the governess.

8. He was named "Alm-Uncle" when he moved up to the Alm.

9. Heidi was puzzled what to do next, but having discovered a bell, she

pulled it with all her might.

10. Often she could hardly repress her sobs and was obliged to make

the strangest faces to keep herself from crying out.