1. Put parentheses ( ) around each prepositional phrase.
2. Underline subjects once, finite verbs twice, and label complements (“PN,” “PA,” “IO,” “DO”).
3. Write a "P" over every passive verb, and label retained complements with an "R" -- "RPN," "RPA," "RIO," "RDO."
4. Place brackets around each subordinate clause. If the clause functions as a noun, label its function (PN, IO, DO, OP) above the opening bracket. If it functions as an adjective or adverb, draw an arrow from the opening bracket to the word that the clause modifies.
5. Put a vertical line at the end of every main clause.
B. Rewrite each sentence changing the passive voice into active.
1. When he was made master, he came home to the village and
married my sister Adelheid.
2. She is convinced that an old Sesemann is wandering about,
expiating some dreadful deed.
3. Tinette was told to prepare Heidi
for her departure.
4. The happy grandmama was told that Heidi had suddenly learned
to read with the utmost correctness,
most rare with beginners.
5. The butler, hardly able to keep his countenance, was told to place
the dish on the table and leave
6. Here she was also given her lessons.
7. After that the child was told
how to accost the servants and the governess.
8. He was named "Alm-Uncle" when
he moved up to the Alm.
9. Heidi was puzzled what to do next, but having discovered a bell, she
pulled it with all her might.
10. Often she could hardly repress her sobs and was obliged to make
the strangest faces to keep herself from crying out.