The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks The KISS Workbooks Anthology
(Code and Color Key)

Delayed Subjects (& Sentences)
based on
Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Seas, by Jules Verne
Analysis Key


1. It is possible (PA) [Del Subj. that certain events, unforeseen [#1]

     may oblige me to consign you [#2] {to your cabins} {for some hours or 

     some days}, [Adv. to "to consign" as the case may be]]. |

[That certain events, unforeseen, may oblige me to consign you to your cabins for some hours or some days, [as the case may be,]] is possible. 
or
Certain events, unforeseen, may possibly oblige me to consign you to your cabins for some hours or some days, [as the case may be].
2. These polypi are found (P) particularly {in the rough beds} {of the sea}, {near

     the surface}; | and consequently it is {from the upper part} [Del Subj. that 

     they begin their operations (DO) [Adj. to "operations" {in which} they 

     bury themselves (DO) {by degrees} {in the débris} {of the secretions} 

     [Adj. to "secretions" that support them (DO) ]]]. |

. . . and consequently they begin their operations in which they bury themselves by degrees in the débris of the secretions that support them, from the upper part.
3. However, it was only two months [NuA] before [Del Subj. that we had 

     become, {according to Captain Nemo} [#3] , "passengers (PN) {on board

      the Nautilus,}" but, {in reality}, prisoners (PN) {of its commander} ]. |

However, only two months before we had become, according to Captain Nemo, "passengers on board the Nautilus," but, in reality, prisoners of its commander. 
4. It is {upon these banks}, and {on these waters}, [ [#4] says Michelet],

     [Del Subj. that man is renewed (P) {in one} {of the most powerful

      climates} {of the globe} ]. |

Upon these banks, and on these waters, says Michelet, man is renewed in one of the most powerful climates of the globe.
5. It was no common misanthropy (PN) [Del Subj. which had shut 

     Captain Nemo (DO) and his companions (DO) {within the Nautilus}],

     but a hatred (PN), either monstrous [#5] or sublime [#5], [Adj. to "hatred" 

     which (DO) time could never weaken]. |

[What had shut Captain Nemo and his companions within the Nautilus] was no common misanthropy , but *it was* a hatred, either monstrous or sublime, which time could never weaken.

Notes
1. "Unforeseen" is a post-positioned adjective to "events," a reduction of "events *that may be* unforeseen . . . ."
2. "Me" is the subject, and "you" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to consign." The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "may oblige."
3. Although the writers of most grammar textbooks would consider this phrase to be adverbial, note that it can also be considered an interjection.
4. KISS explains this clause as an interjection. See KISS Level 3.2.3 - Interjection? Or Direct Object?
5. "Monstrous" and "sublime" are post-positioned adjectives to "hatred."