The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks The KISS Workbooks Anthology
Illustration by
W. J. Aylward
Clauses as Delayed Subjects
based on
Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Seas
by Jules Verne
1. Put parentheses ( ) around each prepositional phrase. 
2. Underline subjects once, finite verbs twice, and label complements (“PN,” “PA,” “IO,” “DO”). 
3. Place brackets around each subordinate clause. If the clause functions as a noun, label its function ("PN," "IO," "DO," "OP") above the opening bracket. If it functions as an adjective or adverb, draw an arrow from the opening bracket to the word that the clause modifies. If it functions as a delayed subject, write "DS" over the opening bracket.
4. Put a vertical line at the end of every main clause.

1. And, in these disastrous times, when the ingenuity of man has 

     multiplied the power of weapons of war, it was possible that, without

     the knowledge of others, a state might try to work such a formidable


2. "Well, Ned," said I, "is it possible that you are not convinced of the

     existence of this cetacean that we are following?"

3. It is certain that I soon came to, thanks to the vigorous rubbings that

     I received.

4. It is my opinion that we shall never again see the like.

5. It was plain to see that this Mediterranean, inclosed in the midst

     of those countries which he wished to avoid, was distasteful to

     Captain Nemo.