The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks The KISS Workbooks Anthology
(Code and Color Key)

Interjections, Direct Address, & Nouns Used as Adverbs
From The Secret Garden, by Frances Hodgson Burnett
Analysis Key

1. [DO "Things are changing {in this house}, Mr. Roach [DirA],"] [#1] 

     said Mrs. Medlock. |

2. A little *bit* [NuA] later the nurse made Colin ready [#2]. |

3. Oh! [Inj] is it! |

4. [DO "This is one (PN) {of his good days}, sir [DirA],"] [#1] she said 

     {to Dr. Craven}. |

5. "Oh, [Inj] Mary! [DirA] [Adv. to "think" If I could get {into the secret 

      garden}] I think [DO I should live to grow [#3] up]!" |

6. And Mrs. Medlock took Mary (DO) {by the arm} and half [NuA] 

     pushed, half [NuA] pulled her (DO) {up one passage} and {down another}

     [Adv. to "pushed" and "pulled" until she pushed her (DO) in {at the door}

      {of her own room}]. |

7.  [DO "I am sorry (PA) to hear [#4] [DO you were ill (PA) last 

     night [NuA] ], my boy [DirA],"] [#1] Dr. Craven said a trifle [NuA] nervously. |

8. "My word! [Inj] she's a plain little piece (PN) {of goods}!" |

9. But just that moment [NuA] the robin gave a little shake (DO) 

      {of his wings}, spread them (DO) and flew away. |

10. "Well, [Inj] sir, [DirA]" [ [#5] answered Mrs. Medlock,] "you'll scarcely 

     believe your eyes (DO) [Adv. to "will believe" when you see him (DO)]. |


Notes
1. For an alternative explanation of this clause structure, see KISS Level 3.2.3 - Interjection? Or Direct Object?
2. Students will thoughtfully baulk at explaining "Colin" as the direct object of "made." They sense that what she made is "Colin ready." In KISS Level 4, "ready" is explained as a predicate adjective to an ellipsed infinitive "to be." The subject of that infinitive is "Colin," and the infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "made."
3. The verbal (infinitive) "to grow" functions as an adverb of result to "should live."
4. The verbal (infinitive) "to hear" functions as an adverb of cause to "sorry."
5. KISS explains this clause as an interjection. See KISS Level 3.2.3 - Interjection? Or Direct Object?