The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks The KISS Workbooks Anthology
(Code and Color Key)

Mixed Subordinate  Clauses
From The Secret Garden, by Frances Hodgson Burnett
Analysis Key

1. Her mother had been a great beauty (PN) [Adj. to "beauty" who cared 

     only to go [#1] {to parties} and amuse herself [#1] {with gay people}]. |

2. [Adv. to "lay" and "stared" When she awakened] she lay and stared

     {at the wall}. |

3. [Subj. of "was" What [#2] she thought] was [PN that she would 

     like to know [#3] [DO of "to know"  if she was going {to nice people}

     [Adj. to "people" who would be polite (PA) {to her} and give 

     her (IO) her own way (DO) [Adv. to "give" as her Ayah and the other

      native servants had done]]]. |

4. "[Subj. of "is" What's expected (P) {of you}, Mrs. Medlock [DirA],] is 

      [PN that you make sure [#4] [ [#4] that he's not disturbed (P) ] and

     [ [#4] that he doesn't see [DO what [#5] he doesn't want to see [#5] ]]]." |

5. She heard neither voices (DO) nor footsteps (DO), and wondered 

     [DO if everybody had got well {of the cholera}] and [DO *if* all the 

     trouble was over]. |

6. {At that very moment} such a loud sound {of wailing} broke out {from the 

      servants' quarters} [Adv. (result) to "such" that she clutched the young

      man's arm (DO)]. |

7. [Adv. to "thought" When he was amused (P) and interested (P) ] she 

     thought [DO he scarcely looked {like an invalid} {at all}, {except [OP 

     that his face was so colorless (PA)] and [OP he was always {on the sofa}] } ]. |

8. She wondered also [DO who would take care (DO) {of her} now [ [#6] 

     her Ayah was dead (PA) ]]. |

9. She was the kind (PN) {of woman} [Adj. to "woman" who would "stand 

     no nonsense (DO) {from young ones}]." | {At least}, that is [PN what [#7] 

     she would have said [Adv. to "would have said" if she had been asked (P) ]]. |

10. The young English governess [Adj. to "governess" who came to teach her

      to read and write [#8] ] disliked her (DO) so much [Adv. (result) to "so"

     that she gave up [#9] her place (DO) {in three months}], | and [Adv. to

      "went" when other governesses came to try to fill it [#10] ] they always 

     went away {in a shorter time} {than the first one} [#11] . |

11. [Subj. of "was" What [#12] Mary felt afterward] was [PN that she 

     need not fear {about Dickon}]. |


Notes
1. The verbals (infinitives) "to go" and "amuse" function as direct objects of "cared." "Herself" is the direct object of "amuse."
2. This "what" functions both as a subordinating conjunction and as the direct object of "thought."
3. The verbal (infinitive) "to know" functions as the direct object of "would like."
4. Don't expect students working at this KISS Level to be able to explain these two "that" clauses. They are subjects of an ellipsed verbal (infinitive) "to be." In a simple version, this construction is "make [that....] and [that....] *to be" sure." "Sure" is thus a predicate adjective to the ellipsed "to be," and the entire infinitive phrase is the direct object of "make."
5. This "what" functions both as a subordinating conjunction and as the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to see." The infinitive functions as the direct object of "doesn't want."
6. This clause clearly modifies the preceding "now." Because "now" functions as an adverb, some people will therefore see this clause as adverbial. But "now" can also be a pronoun (here functioning as an adverb), other people may prefer to see this clause as an adjective to "now." As always, in KISS, sensible alternative explanations are acceptable.
7.  This "what" functions both as a subordinating conjunction and as the direct object of "would have said."
8. "To read" and "write" are verbals (infinitives) that function as the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to teach." "Her" is simultaneously the indirect object of "to teach" and the subject of "to read" and "write." The "to teach" phrase functions as an adverb (of purpose) to "came."
9. "Gave up" means "resigned." See KISS Level 2.1.5 - Phrasal Verbs (Preposition? Or Part of the Verb?)
10. "It" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to fill." The "to fill" phrase functions as the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to try." The "to try" phrase functions as an adverb (of purpose) to "came."
11. Alternatively, this "than" construction can be explained as an ellipsed subordinate clause -- "than the first one *went away in a short time*." In either case, it modifies "shorter."
12. This "what" functions both as a subordinating conjunction and as the direct object of "felt."