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(Code and Color Key)

The Logic of Subordinate  Clauses
From The Secret Garden, by Frances Hodgson Burnett
Analysis Key

     Students may ask about the functions of some words in the sentences. The following key provides answers to the specific directions plus the rest of the analysis.

1. You won't see much (DO) [Adv. (C/E - cause) to "won't" because it's

      dark night (PN) ]. |

2. He was not working [Adv. (Space) to "was not working" where she had left 

    him (DO)]. |

3. That is the garden (PN) [Adj. (ID) to "garden" where Ben Weatherstaff 

     works]. | 

4. She could never have done it (DO) [Adv. (C/E - condition) to "never" if 

     Misselthwaite had been {like other big houses} (PA) ]. |

5. He was so startled (P) [Adv. (C/E - result) to "so" that he almost jumped 

      back]. | 

6. [Adv. (time) to "lay" and "stared" When she awakened] she lay and 

     stared {at the wall}. |

7. She was glad (PA) [Adv. (C/E - cause) to "glad" that there was grass

     (PN) {under her feet}] and [Adv. (C/E - cause) to "glad" that her steps made 

     no sounds (DO)]. |

The grass under her feet and the lack of sound make her glad.
8. I am your guardian (PN), [Adv. (C/E - concession) to "am" though I am 

     a poor one (PN) {for any child} [#1] ]. |

9. Mary knew the fair young man (DO) [Adj. (ID) to "man" who looked

     {like a boy}]. |

10. The gray rain-storm looked [Adv. (C/E - manner) to "looked" as if it would

     go on forever and ever]. |

Seeing "manner" as a cause/effect may be questionable. Hume based his ideas on Aristotle's explanation of "cause." For Aristotle, "how" something is (or in this case "looked") is a cause of what it is.
11. Dickon tried to modify his dialect [#2] [Adv. (C/E - purpose) to "tried" so 

     that Mary could better understand]. |

12. He looked taller (PA) [Adv. (Comparison) to "taller" than he had ever

     looked before] -- inches [NuA] taller [#3]. |

13. [Adv. (time) to "was" Before she had gone half-way [NuA] {down the path}] 

     she was so hot (PA) and breathless (PA) [Adv. (C/E - result) to "so" that 

     she was obliged (P) to stop [#4] ]. |


Notes
1. The prepositional phrase "for any child" can be connected (by a perceiver's mind) to the sentence in at least three different ways. It can be processed as an adverb to "am" or as an adverb to "poor." It could also be viewed as an adjective to "one" (which is modified by "poor").
2. "Dialect" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to modify." The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "tried."
3. This "taller" is an appositive to the previous one. See KISS Level 5.4 - Appositives.
4. The verbal (infinitive) "to stop" functions as a retained direct object after the passive "was obliged." See KISS Level 5.7 - Passive Voice and Retained Complements.