The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks The KISS Workbooks Anthology
(Code and Color Key)

The Logic of Subordinate  Clauses
From The Secret Garden, by Frances Hodgson Burnett
Analysis Key

       Students may ask about the functions of some words in the sentences. The following key provides answers to the specific directions plus the rest of the analysis. 

1. Don't you be a meddlesome wench (PN) an' poke your nose (DO) 

     [Adv. (Space) to "poke" where it's no cause (DO) to go [#1] ]. |

2. He's not had a tantrum (DO) or a whining fit (DO) [Adv. (Time & 

     C/E - cause) to "not" since you made friends (PN) [#2] ]. |

3. She had such red cheeks (DO) and such bright eyes (DO) and ate such

      a dinner (DO) [Adv. (C/E - result) to "such" that Martha was

     delighted (P)]. |

4. The next morning [NuA] [Adj. (ID) to "morning" when they went {to the 

       secret garden}] he sent {at once} {for Ben Weatherstaff}. |

Because "The next morning" could be dropped from this sentence without deleting the "when" clause, the "when" clause could also be seen as adverbial (time) to "went."
5. There's no way (PN) [Adj. (ID) to "way" those children can get food

     (DO) secretly] [Adv. (C/E - condition) to "no" unless they dig it (DO) {out

      of the earth} or pick it (DO) {off the trees}]. |

6. Here was another person [Adj. (ID) to "person" whom she liked 

     {in spite} {of his crossness}]. |

7. Mrs. Medlock stops {in our cottage}  [Adv. (time) to "stops" whenever 

     she goes {to Thwaite}]. |

8. She stopped herself (DO) [Adv. (C/E - manner) to "stopped" as if she had

     just remembered something (DO) {in time}]. |

9. She was not sorry (PA) [Adv. (C/E - cause) to "not (sorry)" that she had

     come {to Misselthwaite Manor}]. |

10. [Adv. (C/E - concession) to "had enjoyed" Though there had been no 

     chance (PN) to see either the secret garden or Dickon [#3] ], Mistress

     Mary had enjoyed herself (DO) very much. |

11. [Adv. (time) to "slapped" When the nurse carried the tray (DO) 

     down-stairs [NuA]] she slapped it (DO) down {on the kitchen dresser}

     [Adv. (C/E - purpose) to "slapped" so that Mrs. Loomis, the cook [#4]

     could see the highly polished dishes (DO) and plates (DO)]. |

12. She looked as sour (PA) [Adv. (Comparison) to "as" as he had looked 

     [Adv. (time) to "had looked" before the robin came]]. |

13. It seemed {to Mistress Mary} [Adv. (C/E - manner) to "seemed" as if 

     she understood him (DO), too, [Adv. (C/E - concession) though 

     he was not speaking {in words}]]. |

     Here we have to somewhat complex questions. First, the "as if," although it easily answers the question how, does not imply cause/effect. Note that the "as if" can be replaced by "that," and the initial "It" is an empty place-holder. The empty place-holder suggests the delayed subject construction. (See KISS Level 5.6 - Delayed Subjects and Sentences.) Actually, much could be said about the development of this construction, but it goes far beyond the interest of most people. Note, for example, that it could have been written as "Mistress Mary thought she understood him, too, though he was not speaking in words." (There are some deeply philosophical questions about that "It.")
     Second, the "though" clause is clearly a logical concession. Normally, that he (a robin) was not speaking in words, would be a cause for her not to understand him. The question is, "Does the 'though' clause modify 'understood,' or 'seemed'?" A good argument can be made for either. If it is considered as modifying "seemed," there should be a closing bracket after "too," and only one closing bracket after "words."

Notes
1. The verbal (infinitive) "to go" functions as an adjective to "cause."
2. "You made friends" is interesting because "friends" can be viewed either as a predicate noun or as a direct object. "Made" clearly means "became" here, but by becoming friends they obviously made "friends" in the sense of a direct object.
3. "Garden" and "Dickon" are direct objects of the verbal (infinitive) "to see." The infinitive phrase functions as an adjective to "chance."
4. "Cook" is an appositive to "Mrs. Loomis." See KISS Level 5.4.