The Printable KISS Grammar Books Back to 6th Grade ToC
(Code and Color Key)

KISS Level 3.1.2 Mixed Subordinate Clauses
From the Writing of Sixth Graders
Analysis Key

     Note: I did not find any subordinate clauses in this collection that functions as a subject. Thus sentence number five is made up.

1. My name is Fred (PN), | and I have just heard [DO that my favorite

show Pokémon [#1] was taken (P) {off the air}]. |

2. Wrestlers go {into a cage} {with no way out [#2] } [Adv. to "no" unless they 

climb the cage (DO)]. |

3. Buddy went everywhere [ [#3] George went], | and he even slept {with him}. |

4. One reason is [PN it made money (DO), mainly [#4] [Adv. to "made" 

because lots {of people} watched it (DO) ]]. |

5. [Subj. That they were {in a far back room}] explains [DO why they did 

not hear the alarm (DO)]. |

6. It has stayed popular (PA) [Adv. to "has stayed" because people want 

to see family based shows [#5], [ [#6] which (PN) 7th Heaven is]]. |

7. He was so shocked [Adv. (result) to "so" that he pulled the trigger (DO)

{to his gun}], and [Adv. (result) to "so"  it shot {into the air}]. |

8. What *happens* [Adv. to "happens" if that was a really popular show

(PN) {in Japan and America}]? |

9. That's [PN why it needs to stay [#7] on]. |

10.  [Adv. to "should monitor" If the parents see a problem (DO)], they 

should monitor [DO what [#8] their child is watching]. |


Notes
1. "Pokémon" is an appositive to "show." See KISS Level 5.4 - Appositives.
2. "Out" is a preposition with an ellipsed object "no way out *of it*. It really does not make a difference if students include or do not include it within the parentheses.
3. The clause "George went" clearly modifies "everywhere." If we consider "everywhere" to be an adverb, then the clause is adverbial. But if we consider "everywhere" to be a noun used as an adverb, then we could consider the clause to be adjectival. 
4. Note how "mainly" modifies the following adverbial clause. [You won't find this illustrated or explained in most grammar textbooks.
5. "Shows" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to see." The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "wanted."  [Should the question arise, "family based" could be explained in more detail. "Although KISS does not count it as a verbal, "based" is an adjective derived from a verb. "Family" can be explained as a noun used as an adverb to modify "based."]
6. This clause would raise a lot of discussion among grammarians. It can be seen as an adjective to "shows," as an appositive to "shows," or as an interjection.
7. Some grammar textbooks include "need" among the helping verbs and some do not. Therefore the finite verb here could be "needs to stay." If we do not consider "needs" as a helping verb then the verbal (infinitive) "to stay" functions as the direct object of "needs."
8. In clauses like this one (and the "which" clause in sentence six, the pronoun functions as both a coordinating conjunction and as a complement. In this case, "what" is also the direct object of "is watching."