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KISS Grammar 

Tense, Number, Logic, and Prepositional Phrases
Exercise # 6

Based on Lessons in English: Higher Course 
Pupil's Edition. New York: William H. Sadlier, 1893


     In addition to being an exercise on tense, number, and prepositional phrases, this is a challenging exercise in what writing teachers call "invention." Students will need to "invent" the details of identity and extension in time and space. Weak writers often omit these details, and this omission accounts for much of the weakness in their writing, both in terms of details and in terms of main-clause length, a major yardstick of syntactic maturity.
     Note that "identity" and "extension in time or space" are the first two of Hume's three basic logical categories, so this is also an exercise in basic logic.

Examples of Possible Answers

1. {In the morning} [Adv. (when) to "calls"], the mother {of the kittens} [Adj. (identity) 

to "mother"] calls them (DO) {to her} [Adv. (where) to "calls"][Present, singular]

2. The fire will burn {for several days} [Adv. (how long) to "will burn"] {in the hills} 

[Adv. (where) to "will burn"] {above the town} [Adj. (identity) to "hills"][Future, singular]

3. Deer flee {into the trees} [Adv. (where) to "flee"]  {at the first sound} [Adv. (when) to "flee"] {of hunters} [Adj. (identity) to "sound"][Present, plural]

4. {In Europe} [Adv. (where) to "ruled"], {during the Middle Ages} [Adv. (when) to 

"ruled"], kings ruled most (DO) {of the countries} [Adj. (identity) to "most"]

[Past, plural]

5. My friend's bold cat will chase any dog (DO) {in town} [Adj. (identity) to "dog"] 

{up and down the streets} [Adv. (where) to "will chase"] {for hours} [Adv. (how 

long) to "will chase"].   [Future, singular]

6. {Throughout the night} [Adv. (when) to "were freezing"] {of the winter storm}

[Adj. (identity) to "night"], his hands were freezing {in his thin gloves} [Adv.

(where) to "were freezing"]. [Past, plural]