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Introductory Lessons in English Grammar For Use in Intermediate Grades
By Wm. H. Maxwell, M.A.
When I get home from work, I do not open the door and say "It's I." Like most people, I say, "It's me." "It's me" is informal, colloquial language. But in formal writing, I use "It's I." We adjust our language to our audience and purpose. In formal speaking and writing, a predicate noun is equal to the subject -- in person, number, and case. Thus, in formal language, pronouns used as predicate nouns should usually be the same as those used as subjects.
1. Was it she who broke the window?
2. It was not I.
3. It must have been he.
4. Who was it that lost her gloves? I.
5. I did not know that it was he.
6. Was it the neighbor’s children who picked the flowers? No, it was not they.