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KISS Grammar Exercises Based on
Introductory Lessons in English Grammar For Use in Intermediate Grades
By Wm. H. Maxwell, M.A.

L2.4 # 1
Palimpsest Patterns
Analysis Key

1. glad, gladly. He looked glad (PA) [Adv. to "looked" when the teacher praised him (DO).] |

"Looked" is written over "was."
2. high, highly. The river rose high (PA) and did great damage (DO). |
The river became high. Thus "rose" is written over "became."
3. sad, sadly.    Annie felt very sad (PA) [Adv. to "felt" when her canary died]. |
Annie was sad, so "felt" is written over "was," and "sad" is a predicate adjective.
4. bad, badly.   Bessie felt bad (PA) [Adv. to "felt" because she missed her lesson (DO)]. |
Bessie felt that she was bad, and so "bad" is a predicate adjective. (Bessie might have felt badly if her friend was hurt in an accident.)
5. splendid, splendidly. The jeweler’s window looked splendid (PA) . |
It was a splendid window, but I would not argue with anyone who preferred "splendidly" here, even though it does not sound right to me.
6. safe, safely.   The ship reached port (DO) safely . |
"Safe," of course, would function as a predicate adjective in a major palimpsest with ""reached port" being written over "was safe." I would not consider "safe" as incorrect here, but it sounds unusual. Note, however, that the ship reached port safe and sound.
7. safe, safely.   We passed safely {through the rapids}. |
My guess is that the adverb "safely" would be more people's choice here, but I would not be surprised to find "We passed safe..." in professional writing. The difference is a matter of emphasis--"safely" emphasizes "passed," whereas "safe" emphasizes the condition of "We."
8. sweet, sweetly.  Those evening bells sound sweet (PA) and low (PA). |
I opted for "Sweet" simply because "low" is "low" and not "lowly." Otherwise, I could see this sentence written as "Those evening bells sound sweetly and lowly."
9. soft, softly.  I like eggs boiled soft (PA) . |
"Eggs boiled soft" is a noun absolute that functions as the direct object of "like." In the absolute, "boiled" is written over a form of "to be," as in "I like eggs to be soft."
The eggs are soft, but I suspect that this can also be "softly." As in # 7, this is a question of emphasis.
10. idle, idly.  The tired hands wandered idly {over the keys}. |
Although "idly" would probably be found most often in this situation, as it modified "wandered," but "idle" as a predicate adjective would also be acceptable. As in # 7, the predicate adjective would put more emphasis on the subject.