The Printable KISS Workbooks The KISS Home Page
(Code and Color Key)

The Punctuation of Compound Main Clauses (L3.1.1 # 3)
Based on
Introductory Lessons in English Grammar For Use in Intermediate Grades By Wm. H. Maxwell, M.A.
Analysis Key

1. My little one came, and brought me (IO) a flower (DO), |

           Never a sweeter one grew; |

    But it faded and faded {in one short hour},

           And lost all its pretty blue (DO). |
 

2. Oh! [Inj] *you* do not look so sad (PA), my dear [DirA], | [#1]

          And cease that dismal frown (DO). |
 

3. There! [Inj] *You* Sweep these foolish leaves (DO) away! |

     I will not crush my brains (DO) today. |

     Look! [#2] | Are the southern curtains drawn (P)? |

     *You* Fetch me (IO) a fan (DO), | [#1] and so *you* begone! | 
 

4. She swept the hearth (DO) up clean [#3]

          And then the table (DO) spread; |

   And next she fed the dog (IO) and bird (IO), |

          And then she made the bed (DO). |


Notes
1. Here we have a question that most grammar textbooks do not address. With an implied "you" as the subject, this could be explained either as compound verbs in one main clause, or as separate main clauses. Except for statistical studies of style, this is a flip of a coin choice.
2. Here we meet another question (of major importance only to statistical studies). Is "Look"" a separate main clause (with "You" as its understood subject? Or does it function as an interjection? In KISS, except for statistical studies, either explanation is acceptable.
3. The KISS analysis of "clean" is to consider it a predicate adjective in an ellipsed infinitive construction -- She swept the hearth *to be* clean. This makes the infinitive phrase, with "hearth" as its subject, the direct object of "swept."
4.