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The “Person” in Personal Pronouns:
Person, Number, and Case

     A noun or pronoun is of the first person when it denotes the speaker, as I, me, we, us, etc.:

I was sick.  Mary saw us.

     A noun or pronoun is of the second person when it denotes the person or thing spoken to, as thou, thee, you, etc.

Thou are the man.  Did you go?

     A noun or pronoun is of the third person when it denotes the person or thing spoken about, as he, him, she, it, they, etc.

Birds are happiest when they are free.
When the sun rose, he darted his fierce beams
on the flowers, and they withered.

Pronouns and Number

     Most pronouns, like nouns, have separate forms to show whether they denote one person or thing, or more than one. In other words, pronouns have number.
     Thus, in the following sentences, it is shown by the form of the pronouns that only one person is denoted by each pronoun:

I run.  He saw her. She taught him. Thou seest me.

Again, the following pronouns by their form denote the plural number:

We helped you.  They escaped us.
By their fruits ye shall know them.

The pronouns you, your, yours are used in both numbers.

The hat you said was your hat was not yours.

In this sentence, it is easy to see that the pronouns denote the singular. But in the following sentence they denote the plural number.

You shall all go directly to your homes.

Pronouns and Case

     The pronouns in the table are in “nominative case.” They are pronouns that function as subjects or predicate nouns.
Person Singular Plural
first I we
second you you
third  he, she, it they

     “Objective case” pronouns function as objects (indirect or direct) or as objects of prepositions. 
Person Singular Plural
first me, myself us, ourselves
second you, yourself you, yourselves
third him, her, it
himself, herself, itself
them
themselves

     Pronouns in “possessive case” can function as subjects, predicate nouns, or objects. 
Person Singular Plural
first mine ours
second yours yours
third  his, hers, its theirs

That book is yours. Mine is in my room. They forgot about theirs.



     The pronoun “who” can be either singular or plural. It has an objective case form – “whom,” and a possessive case form "whose."