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Subjunctive Mood
    
     Another form of the verb is employed in a statement or supposition about an event or state of things that is only thought of, and is not regarded by the speaker as true.
Were he a giant, I should not fear him.
Had I the wings of a dove, how soon I should see you again.
Unless the sky fall, we shall catch no larks.

In the preceding sentences, the verbs in black-faced type are said to be in the subjunctive mood.
     The word subjunctive means joined in an inferior or subordinate relation to something. This mode is never used alone, but in a sentence of two or more clauses. The clause containing the verb in the subjunctive mood is subordinate to the main clause.

Except [ye be converted], ye shall not enter the Kingdom of Heaven.
[Unless the day be fine], I shall remain at home.
[If wishes were horses], beggars might ride.
Provided [he apologize], I shall forgive him.

     When the supposition is thought of by the speaker as a fact, or is treated as such, the verb is in the indicative mood.

If the earth is round (and it is), men may sail around it.
If he comes (as I believe he will), he shall have a pleasant time.

     The clause containing a verb in the subjunctive mood,

1. Puts its verb before the subject:
     Were I he, I should go,
     Be he wise or ignorant, he has made a mistake,
     Were he alive, he would now be a man.
2. Puts its subject after the first part of a verb consisting of two or more words:
     Should it rain, I shall not come.
     Had he been killed, it would have been better.
     Could he have remained, he should now be alive.
3. Is introduced by a conjunction expressing
doubt, uncertainty, or a mere supposition, such as if, though, unless, except, lest, that, etc.
     Though he fail, he should try again.
     Unless he speak the truth, he will Mt escape.
     I hope that he may come.
DEFINITION. -- The subjunctive mood is that form or use of a verb by which it expresses a statement, or a supposition, not as a fact, but merely as thought of.
Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done.
Were the moon larger, it would give more light.

Adapted from Introductory Lessons in English Grammar for Use in Intermediate Grades, by Wm. H. Maxwell