The Printable KISS Workbooks The KISS Workbooks Anthology
(Code and Color Key)

Capitalization (#1)
Adapted from Voyages in English - Fifth Year
Analysis Key

1. My cousin Herbert [#1] lives {in Providence, Rhode Island} [#2]. |

2. I have just read Mrs. Piggle-Wiggle (DO) {by Betty MacDonald}. |

3. Mr. Thomas J. McDonnell visited Washington, D. C. (DO) |

4. Gen. U. S. Grant was born (P) April 27, 1822 [#3] . |

5. {On Tuesday,} I went {to Independence Hall}. |

6. The three largest cities {of the United States} are New York (PN)

Chicago (PN), and Philadelphia (PN). | [#4]

7. Samuel F. B. Morse was born (P)  {in Charlestown, Massachusetts}. |

8. Anne said, [DO "I have never seen the Lincoln Memorial (DO)."] |

9. Mother [DirA], this is my friend (PN), Joan Walsh [#5]. |

10. Capt. Lawrence fought {in the War} {of 1812}. |

1. In cases like this, some grammarians consider "cousin" to be the subject and "Herbert" to be an appositive to "cousin." Other grammarians, when they discuss it,  view "Herbert" as the subject and "cousin" as an adjective that describes "Herbert." As usual in KISS, when grammarians disagree, either explanation is acceptable.
2. In place names that include city and state (or country), KISS, for the sake of simplicity, considers them a single unit. The alternative requires additional explanation through ellipsis. In this case, "Providence, *which is in* Rhode Island." That explanation is always the same, so it seems silly to require students to make it every time.
3. When there is no preposition ("on") in dates like this, they can be explained as Nouns Used as Adverbs. As with cities and states, KISS considers the dates as a unit instead of always having to explain an ellipsed "in" or "of"-- April 27 *in* 1822.
4. You might want to have your students check the accuracy of this statement.
5. "Joan Walsh" is an appositive to "friend."