The Printable KISS Workbooks The KISS Workbooks Anthology
(Code and Color Key)

Capitalization (# 9)
Adapted from Voyages in English - Fifth Year
Analysis Key

1. Is Texas larger (PA) {than New York} [#1] ? |

2. The Fourth {of July} is Independence Day (PN). |

3. Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated (P) {at the Battle} {of Waterloo} {on 

June 18, 1815} [#2]. |

4. Have you found the book (DO) Voyages of Dr. Dolittle [#3]? |

5. Dwight D. Eisenhower, the 34th President [#4] {of the U. S.}, was born (P) 

{in Denison, Tex.,} [#5] {on Oct. 14, 1890}. |

6. Our class memorized "Nobility," (DO) {by Alice Cary}. |

7. John P. Jones's prompt answer was, [PN "I'll do it (DO)."] |

8. "The Star-Spangled Banner" is our national anthem (PN). |

9. Zora N. Hurston's Their Eyes Were Watching God was first published (P) 

{by J. B. Lippincott Co.} {in 1937}. |

10. Red Cloud, chief [#6] {of the Oglala} and leader [#6] {of all Sioux and

Cheyenne warriors}, forced the government (DO) {in 1868} to abandon

the Bozeman Trail [#7], a route [#8] {to Montana gold fields}. |


Notes
1. Some grammarians would argue that "than New York" is an ellipsed subordinate clause -- "than New York *is large*." In KISS, either explanation is acceptable.
2. As with cities and states, KISS considers the dates as a unit instead of always having to explain an ellipsed "in" or "of"-- June 18 *in* 1815. 
3. Voyages of Dr. Dolittle is an appositive to "book." See KISS Level 5.4 - Appositives.
4. "President" is an appositive to "Dwight D. Eisenhower."
5. In place names that include city and state (or country), KISS, for the sake of simplicity, considers them a single unit. The alternative requires additional explanation through ellipsis. In this case, "Denison, *which is in* Texas." That explanation is always the same, so it seems silly to require students to make it every time.
6. "Chief" and "leader" are appositives to "Red Cloud."
7.  "Bozeman Trail" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to abandon." The subject of "to abandon" is "government." When they get to KISS Level Four (Verbals), students should see the infinitive phrase as the direct object of "forced." Before then, I would simply expect students to see "government" as the direct object.
8. "Route" is an appositive to "Bozeman Trail."