The Printable KISS Workbooks The KISS Workbooks Anthology
(Code and Color Key)

Quotation Marks (#3)
Adapted from Voyages in English - Fifth Year
Analysis Key

1. [DO "What is the matter (PN)?"] she cried. | [#1]

2. Peter said, [DO "I will assist you (DO)."] |

3. "Who," [ [#2] asked Joseph,] "is the governor (PN) {of your state}?" |

4. "Hurrah!" (DO) yelled the crowd. |

5. The little girl asked, "May I go?" |

6. "You," [ [#2] angrily shouted the referee,] "must obey all the rules (DO)

{of the game}!" |

7. Patrick Henry exclaimed, [DO " *You* Give me (IO) liberty (DO) 

or give me (IO) death (DO) !"] |

8. "Ha Ha," (DO) laughed Gerald, | "I have discovered the secret (DO)." | [#3]

9. "We," [ [#2] the boys answered,] "have done our best (DO) [#4] ." |

10. [DO "May I sit here?"] asked Eleanor. | [#1]


Notes
1. Alternatively, the "is" clause can be considered the main clause, and the "cried" clause can be explained as an interjection. See KISS Level 3.2.3 - Interjection? Or Direct Object?
2. KISS explains this type of clause as an interjection. See KISS Level 3.2.3 - Interjection? Or Direct Object?
3. Here we have another interesting clause situation that grammar textbooks rarely discuss. In KISS, this sentence could be considered two separate main clauses, or the quotation could be considered the direct object of "laughed," or "laughed Gerald" could be explained as an interjection in the main clause, i.e., in the quotation. See KISS Level 3.2.3 - Interjection? Or Direct Object?
4. People who feel uncomfortable with "best" as a noun can explain it as an adjective to an ellipsed word such as "work." That makes the ellipsed word the direct object.