1. Put parentheses ( ) around each prepositional phrase.
2. Underline subjects once, finite verbs twice, and label complements (“PN,” “PA,” “IO,” “DO”).
3. Place brackets around each subordinate clause. If the clause functions as a noun, label its function (PN, IO, DO, OP) above the opening bracket. If it functions as an adjective or adverb, draw an arrow from the opening bracket to the word that the clause modifies.
4. Put a vertical line at the end of every main clause.
5. Put a box around every gerund and gerundive. If it is a gerund indicate its function over the box. If it is a gerundive, draw an arrow to the word it modifies.
6. Put an oval around every infinitive and indicate (as in three above) its function.
7. Put a wavy line under each noun absolute and label its function.
1. It was impossible even to have a guess in what direction
we were moving.
2. It would be easy to make too much of this division.
3. Weary as I was with watching and distress of mind, it was impossible for
me to sleep.
4. At that very time he passed the greater portion of his days in slumber,
from which it was often difficult to rouse him.
5. It was pretty to see the pair returning full of briers, and the father as flushed
and sometimes as bemuddied as the child.