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KISS Grammar
Famous (or Interesting) Quotations

Compound Main Clauses - Ex # 2

The Logic of Semicolons, Colons, and Dashes
1. Place parentheses ( ) around each prepositional phrase. 
2. Underline verbs twice, their subjects once, and label complements ("PA," "PN," "IO," or "DO").
3. Place a vertical line after each main clause.

     Writers often use a semicolon to join contrasting ideas, or a colon or a dash to join clauses in which one clause gives more specific details about (amplifies) the other clause. [Another way of looking at this is to say that one clause makes a general statement, and the other clause states the same idea in more specific detail.] Colons suggest a formal style, and dashes reflect a casual style.
     After analyzing each of the following, on the line following it write
1) the logical relationship of the two clauses -- "contrast" or "amplification."
2.) a general statement of any contrast, for example, "young / old," "good / bad," "men / women," etc.
3.) circle either "Yes" or "No" to indicate whether or not you think the punctuation follows the general norm.

1. An age builds up cities; an hour destroys them.

- Seneca
Yes      No

2. Never fear the want of business -- a man who qualifies himself well for his

calling never fails of employment.

- Thomas Jefferson
Yes      No

3. Be patient, my soul: Thou hast suffered worse than this.

- Homer
Yes      No

4. You think me the child of my circumstances: I make my circumstance.

- Ralph Waldo Emerson
Yes      No

5. Things do not change; we change.

- Henry David Thoreau
Yes      No

6. You do not lead by hitting people over the head -- that's assault, not leadership.

- Dwight D. Eisenhower
Yes      No