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KISS Grammar Famous (or Interesting) Quotations
Compound Main Clauses - Ex # 2
The Logic of Semicolons, Colons, and Dashes
Analysis Key

     Note that the objective of this assignment is not so much to have students get the "right" answer as it is to have the students consider the general norms and explore the question. Thus, for many sentences, responses may differ. (Class discussion of exercises such as this helps students see where they all, or almost all, agree, and that there are cases on which they disagree.)

1. An age builds up cities (DO); | an hour destroys them (DO). |

- Seneca
Contrast -- Good / bad; build vs. destroy
Yes      No


2. *You* Never fear the want (DO) {of business} -- | a man [Adj. to "man" who

qualifies himself (DO) well {for his calling}] never fails {of employment}. |

- Thomas Jefferson
Amplification (informal style) -- the second clause is an example, or explanation of the first. [Note how close this is to a cause/effect relationship -- the second clause gives a reason for believing the first.]
Yes      No


3. *You* Be patient (PA), my soul [DirA] : | Thou hast suffered worse [#1] {than this}. |
- Homer
Amplification (formal style) -- the second clause offers a reason for being patient. [Note that this is not really the general/specific relationship that is usually described in textbooks (assuming that the textbooks cover this question).]
Yes?      No


4. You think me the child [#2] {of my circumstances}: | I make my circumstance (DO). |
- Ralph Waldo Emerson
I see this as a contrast between what "you" see and what "I make." [But I would not tell Emerson that he was wrong.]
Yes      No?


5. Things do not change; | we change. |
- Henry David Thoreau
Contrast -- the rest of the world as compared to us; permanence vs. change.
Yes      No


6. You do not lead {by hitting people [#3]} {over the head} -- | that's assault (PN), not leadership (PN). |
- Dwight D. Eisenhower
Amplification (informal style) -- the specific statement in the first clause is generalized and named ("assault") in the second.
Yes      No

Notes
1. Alternatively, "worse" could be considered a pronoun, or an adjective modifying an ellipsed "things." In either case it would then be the direct object of "hast suffered."
2. "Child" is a predicate noun of an ellipsed infinitive *to be,* of which "me" is the subject. The ellipsed infinitive phrase "me *to be* the child of my circumstances" is the direct object of "think."
3. "People" is the direct object of the gerund "hitting," and the gerund phrase functions as the object of the preposition "by."