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(Code and Color Key)

Exercise # 3 on Compound Main Clauses
from Sherwood Anderson's "The Egg"
Analysis Key

1.) {In the early morning} he came upstairs and got {into bed} {with mother}. |

She woke | and the two talked. |

2.) The train was three hours [NuA] late (PA) | and Joe came {into our place} to 

loaf [#1] about and to wait [#1] {for its arrival}. |

3.) {For ten years} my father and mother struggled to make (DO) [#2] our 

chicken farm pay [#2] | and then they gave up [#3] that struggle (DO) and began

another (DO). |

4.) The railroad did not run {through the town} | and the station was a mile [NuA]

away {to the north} {at a place} called Pickleville [#5]. |

5.) Mother must have been doubtful (PA) {from the first}, | but she said

nothing (DO) discouraging. [#6] |

1. "To loaf" and "to wait" are infinitives that function as adverbs (of purpose) to "came."
2. In "to make our chicken farm pay," "farm" is the subject of the infinitive "pay." That infinitive phrase ("our chicken farm pay") is the direct object of the infinitive "to make," and "to make" is the direct object of "struggled."
3. "Gave up" equals "abandoned."
4. Note that the absence of a comma before "and" makes it very easy for readers to misread "station" as an additional object of the preposition "through." They then stumble over "was" and have to reprocess "station" as its subject.
5. "Pickleville" is a retained predicate noun after the passive gerundive "called." "Called"  modifies "place."
6. Gerundive to "nothing."