1. Put parentheses ( ) around each prepositional phrase.
2. Underline subjects once, finite verbs twice, and label complements ("PN," "PA," "IO," "DO").
3. Put a vertical line at the end of every main clause.
4. Briefly explain the logic implied by the words and/or punctuation marks that join the compounded main clauses.
1. The very village was altered: it was larger and more populous.
2. There stood the Kaatskill mountains -- there ran the silver Hudson
at a distance -- there was every hill and dale precisely as it had
always been -- Rip was sorely perplexed.
3. He found the house gone to decay -- the roof had fallen in, the
windows shattered, and the doors off the hinges.
4. "Oh, Brom Dutcher went off to the army in the beginning of the
war; some say he was killed at the storming of Stony-Point -- others
say he was drowned in a squall at the foot of Antony's Nose.
5. His familiar haunts had disappeared. Strange names were over the
doors -- strange faces at the windows -- everything was strange.
6. He again called and whistled after his dog; he was only answered
by the cawing of a flock of idle crows.
7. They were dressed in quaint outlandish fashion; some wore short
doublets, others jerkins, with long knives in their belts, and most of
them had enormous breeches, of similar style with that of the guide's.
Their visages, too, were peculiar; one had a large head, broad face,
and small piggish eyes; the face of another seemed to consist entirely
of nose, and was surmounted by a white sugar-loaf hat, set off with
a little red cock's tail.