The Printable KISS Workbooks The KISS Workbooks Anthology
Punctuation and Logic
of Compound Main Clauses
From Rip Van Winkle
by Washington Irving
Illustration
by
N. C. Wyeth
Directions:
1. Put parentheses ( ) around each prepositional phrase.
2. Underline subjects once, finite verbs twice, and label complements ("PN," "PA," "IO," "DO").
3. Put a vertical line at the end of every main clause.
4. Briefly explain the logic implied by the words and/or punctuation marks that join the compounded main clauses.

1. The very village was altered: it was larger and more populous.

2. There stood the Kaatskill mountains -- there ran the silver Hudson

     at a distance -- there was every hill and dale precisely as it had 

     always been -- Rip was sorely perplexed.

3. He found the house gone to decay -- the roof had fallen in, the 

     windows shattered, and the doors off the hinges.

4. "Oh, Brom Dutcher went off to the army in the beginning of the 

     war; some say he was killed at the storming of Stony-Point -- others 

     say he was drowned in a squall at the foot of Antony's Nose.

5. His familiar haunts had disappeared. Strange names were over the

     doors -- strange faces at the windows -- everything was strange.

6. He again called and whistled after his dog; he was only answered

     by the cawing of a flock of idle crows.

7. They were dressed in quaint outlandish fashion; some wore short

     doublets, others jerkins, with long knives in their belts, and most of 

     them had enormous breeches, of similar style with that of the guide's. 

     Their visages, too, were peculiar; one had a large head, broad face, 

     and small piggish eyes; the face of another seemed to consist entirely

     of nose, and was surmounted by a white sugar-loaf hat, set off with

     a little red cock's tail.