The KISS Grammar Workbooks Return to Ouida
(Code and Color Key)

Bending the Rules
From A Dog of Flanders by Ouida
Analysis Key

1. He stayed there [Adv. to "stayed" until all was quite still (PA) and dark (PA)], |

[#1] then he and Patrasche went within and slept together, long and deeply, side [NuA]

{by side}. |

2. It could be no harm (PN), [ [SC Inj] he thought], [Adv. to "could be" if he

gave her (IO) his little piece (DO) {of treasure-trove}, | [#1] they had been 

play-fellows (PN) so long. |

3. The miller stood and looked {at the portrait} {with tears} {in his eyes}, | [#1] it 

was so strangely like [#2], | and he loved his only child (DO) closely and well. |

4. [Adv. to "stooped" and "kissed" Ere either woman or dog knew [DO what he

meant]] he had stooped and kissed Patrasche (DO): [#3] then closed the door

(DO) hurriedly, and disappeared {in the gloom} {of the fast-falling night}. |

5. The great tears stood {in his brown, sad eyes}: [#4] not {for himself} | {for himself}

he was happy (PA). |

6. That night [NuA], [Adv. to "fell" after they reached the hut (DO)], snow 

fell; [#3] and fell {for very many days} {after that}, [Adv. to "fell" so that the 

paths and the divisions {in the fields} were all obliterated (P)], and [Adv. to 

"fell" all the smaller streams were frozen (P) over], and [Adv. to "fell" the cold 

was intense (PA) {upon the plains}]. |

1. Most teachers would probably consider this as a comma-splice since the two main clauses are joined (spliced) just by a comma.
2. This sounds awkward, with the "her" left out, but it may be a matter of the time period and place in which Ouida was writing.
3. A colon separating members of a compound verb is highly unusual. Many editors would probably want to stick in a "he" after it to serve as subject for "closed" and "disappeared." The same principle applies in sentence # 6, except that she used a semicolon.
4. This is a nice illustration of Dawkins' argument about punctuation. The colon creates a stronger break than a comma would. We can assume an ellipsed "they were" here. Certainly that is what is meant. Ouida then used a dash to establish the distinction between sadness for others and happiness for himself.
5. The subordinate "so that" from the first clause carries across the two following clauses in meaning. Thus I am considering this "and," and the one that follows it as joining three subordinate clauses of result.