The KISS Grammar Workbooks Return to Ouida

Exercise # 1 on Subordinate Clauses as Delayed Subjects or Sentences
From A Dog of Flanders by Ouida
Analysis Key

1.) "One must never rest [Adv. to "never" till one dies,]" [ [#1] thought Patrasche];

| and sometimes it seemed {to him} [ [#2] that that time {of rest} {for him} was not 

very far off.] |
 

2.) It was quite night (PN?) [ [#3] when he passed the mill-house (DO)]: | he

knew the little window (DO) {of her room}. |
 

3.) The doors {of the inner hall} were opened (P); | the eager, panting throng rushed

in: | it was known (P) [DelSubj that the selected picture would be raised (P) {above

the rest} {upon a wooden dais}]. |


Notes
1. See the discussion of subordinate clauses as interjections.
2. One could consider this clause in several ways. It could, for example, be considered an adverb that describes how it seemed. It could also be explained as a predicate noun, as in "That project seemed a waste of money. But if we ask what the predicate adjective describes, and thus look at what the subject "it" means, we find that the "it" is basically meaningless, unless we say that it means "that that time of rest for him was not very far off." Thus we can also look as the clause as a delayed subject.
3. This clause may be best analyzed as an adverb, but looking at it as a delayed subject focusses attention on the meaning of "it," and meaning in always a priority in KISS. Thus the clause can be explored as a "delayed sentence."