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THE NIGHT WATCH
Rembrandt Van Rijn (1607?-1669)
From The Children's Book of Celebrated Pictures,

Analysis Key

     One time [NuA], more [#1] {than two hundred and fifty years ago}, two little children living [#2]

{in Amsterdam} were playing {at the edge} {of the city} just [#3] {at evening}. | Soon they 

overheard some Spanish soldiers near-by talking [#4] together. | They began to understand [#5]

[DO that the men were making some kind (DO) {of plans}] | and, listening [#6] very sharply,

they found [DO that the Spaniards intended to attack the city [#7] {of Amsterdam} that 

night [NuA] ]. | The Spaniards were fighting the Netherlands (DO) {at that time}. | You can

imagine [DO how [#8] frightened (PA) the children were]. | They knew [DO that they 

must tell some one (IO) {about it} {at once}]. | Very quietly they crept away {from [OP 

where the men were] }, then ran {for their lives} {to the town hall}. | The Civic Guard 

were having a banquet (DO) there. | Rembrandt has painted the scene (DO) just [ [#9] as

the little girl, {in the center} {of the group}, has finished her story (DO)]. | The men are

making ready [#10] to meet the attack [#11] . | Some have on their armor (DO), | some are

polishing their guns (DO), | some have their drums (DO), | and all are full (PA) {of

excitement}. |
 

     [Adv. to "was found" When the painting was *going* [#12] to be put (P) {in the new Ryks 

Museum}, {in Amsterdam},] it was found (P) [ [#13] that the wall was too narrow (PA) {for

the picture}]. | [DO What (DO) do you think] the authorities did? | The stupid men cut 

a piece (DO) off {from each side} {of the picture} to fit it [#14] {in its new place}. | Was ever

anything so silly (PA)? | Even those pieces cut [#15] off would bring more money (DO)

to-day [Adv. (comparison) to "more" than the museum itself [#16] cost]. |
 

     The men [Adj. to "men" who had money (DO) {at the time} [Adj. to "time" Rembrandt

painted the picture (DO)]] were angry (PA) [Adv. to "were" because the artist would 

not make portraits (DO) [Adv. to "not" as they wanted them (DO)]]. | They ignored 

Rembrandt (DO), | and he became very poor (PA) and died unknown [#17] . | To-day 

those rich men are forgotten (PA) [#18] | and Rembrandt is known (P) {the world over} [#19]. |


Notes
[These notes were prepared for using this exercise
for KISS Level 2.1.6 -- Distinguishing Finite Verbs and Verbals.]
1. Grammarians would probably offer several different explanations of "more." In KISS, perhaps the easiest explanation is to consider it a pronoun that functions as an adverb to the adverbial function of "time."
2. "Two little children living in Amsterdam" does not pass the sentence test. ["Living" is a verbal (a gerundive) that modifies "children."
3. The adverb "just" modifies the following prepositional phrase.
4. "Soldiers talking together" fails the sentence test, so "talking" is a verbal. Technically, it is a gerundive (which most grammarians call "participles"). In KISS, "soldiers" can be explained as the direct object of "overheard" and "talking" as a gerundive that modifies "soldiers." But at KISS Level 5.8 Noun Absolutes, some students will prefer to see "soldiers ... talking" as a noun absolute that functions as the direct object. "Near-by" seems to be an adverb that modifies "soldiers." It is. KISS explains it as a reduction of an adjectival subordinate clause -- soldiers *who were* near-by..."
5.  At his point in their work, students should probably see "to understand" as a verbal that functions as the direct object of "began." Technically, it is an infinitive.
6. "They listening very sharply" fails the sentence test. ["Listening" is a verbal (gerundive) that modifies "they."]
7.  See note 5. In this case, "city" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive) "to attack."
8. Note how "how" functions simultaneously as a subordinate conjunction and as an adverb to "frightened."
9.  Technically, this is an adverbial clause of time that chunks to "has painted," but in effect it functions as an adjective to "scene." Thus it points to the time (in the story sequence) at which Rembrandt chose to paint the scene.
10. "Ready" is a predicate adjective in an ellipsed infinitive construction -- "*themselves to be* ready." (See KISS Level 4 - Verbals.) That infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "were making."
11. "To meet" fails both the "to" and the "sentence" tests. It is an infinitive that functions as an adverb to "ready." "Attack" is the direct object of the infinitive.
12. See: KISS Level 3. 2. 1 - Semi-Reduced and Other Ellipsed Clauses.
13. This clause functions as a delayed sentence. See: KISS Level 5.6 Delayed Subjects
14. "To fit" fails the 'to" test. It is an infinitive that functions as an adverb of purpose to "cut." "It" is its direct object.
15. "Pieces" can not "cut off," so "cut" fails the sentence test. It is a gerundive that modifies "pieces."
16. "Itself" is an appositive to "museum."
17. "Unknown" is a predicate adjective in a palimpsest pattern in which "died" is written over "was." See KISS Level 2.1.4 - Palimpsest Patterns.
18. Alternatively, "forgotten" can be considered as part of a passive finite verb phrase. See KISS Level 5.7 - Passive Voice and Retained Complements.
19. This is an unusual, idiomatic prepositional phrase for "*all* over the world."