The KISS Grammar Printable Workbooks Back to October Menu
(Code and Color Key)

Why the English language is so hard to learn
Exercise # 3
Analysis Key

1. The farm was used (P) to produce produce [#1]. |

2. A bass was painted (P) {on the head} {of the bass drum}. |

3. The insurance was invalid (PA) {for the invalid}. |

4. To help [#2] {with planting}, the farmer taught his sow to sow [#3]. |

5. There [Expletive] was a row (PN) {among the oarsmen} {about how to row [#4]}. |

6. Quicksand works slowly, | boxing rings are square (PA) | and a guinea pig is

neither {from Guinea} | nor is it a pig (PN). |


Notes
1. "Produce" is the direct object of the infinitive "to produce." The infinitive phrase functions as an adverb to "was used."
2. The infinitive "to help" functions as an adverb (of purpose) to "taught." "Planting" is a gerund that functions as the object of the preposition "with."
3. "Sow" is the subject of the infinitive "to sow." The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "taught." Note that "sow" (the first one) can also be explained as the indirect object of "taught."
4. Perhaps the best way to explain this is to consider "how" a pronoun that functions as the object of the preposition "about." That explanation makes "to row" an infinitive that functions as an adjective to "how."  Some people may prefer to see the infinitive as functioning as the noun, and thus as the object of the preposition, and "how" as an adverb to the infinitive. The point is not worth arguing.