The KISS Grammar Printable Workbooks The KISS Literature Anthology
(Code and Color Key)

Identifying Phrases
From "The Gorgon's Head," by Nathaniel Hawthorne
in A Wonder Book for Girls and Boys

Answer Key
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Complete Analysis Key

1. This fisherman was an exceedingly humane and upright man (PN). |

2. So [#3] this bad-hearted king spent a long while (DO) [#4] {in 

     considering [#5] [DO what [#1] was the most dangerous thing (PN) [Adj.

      to "thing" that a young man could possibly undertake]] }. |

3. The bridal gift [Adj. to "gift" which [#6] I have set my heart (DO)

     {on presenting [#7]} {to the beautiful Hippodamia}] is the head (PN) {of the

      Gorgon Medusa [#8] } {with the snaky locks}. |

4. You must bring it (DO) home [NuA] {in the very best condition}, {in 

      order} to suit the exquisite taste [#9] {of the beautiful Princess Hippodamia}. |

5. The only good man {in this unfortunate island} {of Seriphus} appears

     to have been the fisherman (PN). |

6. Medusa's snakes will sting him (DO) soundly!

7. The three sisters were really a very frightful and mischievous species (PN)

     {of dragon}. |

8. The teeth {of the Gorgons} were terribly long tusks (PN). |

9. Every feather {in them} was pure, bright, glittering, burnished gold (PN), |

     and they looked very dazzlingly. |

10. Not only [#10] must he fight with [#11] and slay this golden-winged

     iron-scaled, long-tusked, brazen-clawed, snaky-haired monster (DO), |

     but he must do it (DO) {with his eyes shut [#12] } . |


Notes
1. Expect some students to have problems identifying this "what" as the subject of "was." A section of Level 1.6 explores pronouns as the subjects of verbs in multi-SVC patterned sentences in more detail.
2. That possessive nouns function as adjectives is the focus of exercise seven.
3. This "So" can be explained either as an adverb or as a coordinating conjunction. See KISS Level 3.2.2 - "So" and "For" as Conjunctions.
4. I see "while" as referring to time, and thus answering the question "spent what?" If someone prefers to see it as answering the question "how much?" and thus explaining it as a noun that functions as an adverb, I would accept that.
5. "Considering" is a verbal (in this case, a gerund) that functions as the object of the preposition "in." The following "what" clause is the direct object of "considering," and thus this prepositional phrase continues to the end of this sentence.
6. This "which" functions simultaneously as the subordinating conjunction and as the direct object of the gerund "presenting." 
7.  The verbal (gerund) "presenting" functions as the object of the preposition "on."
8. "Gorgon Medusa" can be considered a specific name, or, perhaps preferably, "Medusa" can be seen as an appositive to "Gorgon." See KISS Level 5.4 - Appositives.
9.  "Taste" is the direct object of the verbal (infinitive)  "to suit." The infinitive phrase functions as an adjective to "order," in the prepositional phrase that functions as an adverb (of purpose) to "must bring."
10. "Not only . . . but (also) . . . " functions as a coordinating conjunction.
11. This "with" is an ellipsed prepositional phrase -- "fight with *the monster*."
12. "Eyes shut" is a noun absolute that functions as the object of the preposition "with." See KISS Level 5.8 - Noun Absolutes.