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Post-Positioned 
Adjectives
Pierre-Auguste
Renoir's
(1841-1919) 
Irene Cahen d'Anvers 
1879, 
E.G. Buhrle Collection
at Zurich 

      Most adjectives appear before the nouns that they modify, but some appear after them. (The Latin term for this is "Post.") In the following sentence, for example, "happy" and "hopeful" are adjectives that describe "Marilyn."

Marilyn arrived early, happy with her success and hopeful for the future.

Frequently these adjective appear quite close to the noun or pronoun that they modify, but they can be separated from them by other constructions, as in the following sentence from Ouida's The Dog of Flanders:

 
There was only Patrasche out in the cruel cold old and famished and full of pain.
     Note that most post-positioned adjectives can be viewed as reductions of adjectival clauses that had a S/V/PA pattern:

Marilyn, [who was happy with her success and hopeful for the future], arrived early.

 Out in the cruel cold, there was only Patrasche, [who was old and famished and full of pain].