1. Place parentheses ( ) around each prepositional phrase.
2. Underline verbs twice, their subjects once, and label complements (PA, PN, IO, or DO).
3. Place brackets [ ] around each adverbial clause and draw an arrow from the opening bracket to the word that the clause modifies.
4. Place a vertical line after each main clause.
5. Note King's use of parallel subordinate clauses in this single main clause. Try to de-combine the main clause into two or more main clauses, and discuss the results with your classmates.
If . . . the choice were to be made between Communism with all its
chances, and the present state of society with all its sufferings and
injustices; if the institution of private property necessarily carried
with it as a consequence, that the produce of labour should be
apportioned as we now see it, almost in an inverse ratio to the labour
-- the largest portions to those who have never worked at all, the
next largest to those whose work is almost nominal, and so in a
descending scale, the remuneration dwindling as the work grows
harder and more disagreeable, until the most fatiguing and
exhausting bodily labour cannot count with certainty on being able
to earn even the necessaries of life; if this or Communism were the
alternatives, all the difficulties, great or small, of Communism would
be as dust in the balance.