The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks The KISS Workbooks Anthology

Selection # 2 from 
Robert L. Heilbroner's The Worldly Philosophers

This selection, quoted by Heilbroner, 
was written by John Stuart Mill. (p. 128)

1. Place parentheses ( ) around each prepositional phrase. 
2. Underline verbs twice, their subjects once, and label complements (PA, PN, IO, or DO).
3. Place brackets [ ] around each adverbial clause and draw an arrow from the opening bracket to the word that the clause modifies.
4. Place a vertical line after each main clause.

5. Note King's use of parallel subordinate clauses in this single main clause. Try to de-combine the main clause into two or more main clauses, and discuss the results with your classmates.

If . . . the choice were to be made between Communism with all its 

chances, and the present state of society with all its sufferings and 

injustices; if the institution of private property necessarily carried 

with it as a consequence, that the produce of labour should be 

apportioned as we now see it, almost in an inverse ratio to the labour

-- the largest portions to those who have never worked at all, the 

next largest to those whose work is almost nominal, and so in a 

descending scale, the remuneration dwindling as the work grows 

harder and more disagreeable, until the most fatiguing and 

exhausting bodily labour cannot count with certainty on being able 

to earn even the necessaries of life; if this or Communism were the 

alternatives, all the difficulties, great or small, of Communism would

be as dust in the balance.