The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks The Theodore Dreiser Page
(Code and Color Key)

From “The Lost Phoebe,” by Theodore Dreiser
Appositives Ex # 1
Analysis Key

1. Old Henry drove {to Swinnerton}, the neighboring town [#1], and procured

doctor (DO). |

2. {As a matter} {of fact}, they had aged synchronously {with the persons} [Adj. to 

"persons" who lived here, old Henry Reifsneider [#2] and his wife Phoebe Ann [#2]]. |

3. Her idea was to take counsel [#3] {with Jake}, “her man [#4]and perhaps have

him notify the authorities [#5]. |

4. {Beyond these and the changes} {of weather} – the snows [#6], the rains [#6], and the

fair days [#6] – there are no immediate, significant things (PN). |

5. He was a thin old man (PN), seventy [PPA] [Adv. to "seventy" when she died],

queer, crotchety person [#7] {with coarse gray-black hair and beard}, quite straggly [PPA]

and unkempt [PPA]. |

6. The old-fashioned four-poster bed, {with its ball-like protuberances and deep curving 

incisions}, was there also, a sadly alienated descendant [#8] {of an early Jacobean ancestor}. |

1. "Town" is an appositive to "Swinnerton."
2. "Henry Reifsneider" and "wife" are appositives to "who," which refers to "persons." "Phoebe Ann" is an appositive to "wife."
3. "Counsel" is the direct object of the infinitive "to take." The infinitive phrase functions as the predicate noun to "idea was."
4. "Man" is an appositive to "Jake."
5. "Authorities" is the direct object and "him" is the subject of the infinitive "notify." The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "have."
6. "Snows," "rains," and "days" are appositives to "changes."
7. "Person" is an appositive to "man." Note that if there were an "and" before the "a," "person" would be explained as part of a compound complement -- "seventy...., and a ...person..."
8. "Descendant" is an appositive to "bed."