The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks The Theodore Dreiser Page
(Code and Color Key)

From The Lost Phoebe, by Theodore Dreiser
Appositives Ex # 3
Analysis Key

1. {Near a little town} called Watersville [#1], {in Green County}, perhaps four miles 

[NuA] {from that minor center} {of human activity}, there was a place (PN) or

precipice (PN) locally known [#2] {as the Red Cliff}, a sheer wall [#3] {of red 

sandstone}, perhaps a hundred feet [NuA] high [PPA], [Adj. to "wall" which raised its 

sharp face (DO) {for half a mile or more} {above the fruitful corn-fields and orchards}

[Adj. to "corn-fields" and "orchards" that lay beneath]], and [Adj. to "wall" which was

surmounted (P) {by a thick grove} {of trees}]. |

2. {Of a sudden} there [#4] came {to him} now {for the first time} {in many years} the full

charm {of her girlish figure} [Adv. to "came" [#5] as he had known it (DO) {in 

boyhood}], the pleasing, sympathetic smile [#6], the brown hair [#6], the blue sash [#6]

[Adj. to "sash" she had once worn {about her waist} {at a picnic}], her gay, graceful

movements [#6]. |

1. "Watersville" is a retained predicate noun after the passive gerundive "called." "Called" modifies "town."
2. "Known" is a gerundive to "place" and "precipice."
3. "Wall" is an appositive to "Red Cliff," and ultimately to "place" and "precipice."
4. For an alternative explanation, see Expletive "There."
5. A good argument can be make that this "as" clause also modifies "girlish."
6. "Smile," "hair," "sash," and "movements" are appositives to "figure" and/or the preceding "charm." Personally, I see them as more in apposition to "charm," but I would not argue with someone who considered them to be in apposition to "figure."