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From The Lost Phoebe by Theodore Dreiser
Noun Absolutes Ex # 4
Analysis Key

1. His father and mother were the companions (PN) {of himself and his wife} {for

ten years} [Adj. to "years" after they were married (P) ], [Adj. to "years"  when both

died]; | and [#1] then Henry and Phoebe were left (P) {with their five children 

growing [#2] lustily apace}. |
 

2. All the rest {of life} is a far-off, clamorous phantasmagoria (PN), flickering [#3]

{like Northern lights} {in the night}, and sounding [#3] as faintly {as cow-bells tinkling 

[#4]} {in the distance}. |
 

3. And {after many pleadings and proffers} {of advice}, {with supplies [#5] {of coffee 

and bacon and baked bread} duly offered and accepted [#5]}, he was left (P) {to himself}. |
 

4. A certain combination {of furniture} a chair [#6] {near a table}, {with his coat} {on

it}, the half-open kitchen door casting [#6] a shadow, and the position [#6] {of a lamp}

{near a paper} gave him (IO) an exact representation (DO) {of Phoebe leaning

[#7] {over the table} [Adv. to "leaning" as he had often seen her do [#8] {in life}.]} |
 

5. {In an old tin coffee-pot} {of large size} he placed a small tin cup (DO), a knife

(DO), fork (DO), and spoon (DO), some salt (DO) and pepper (DO), | and {to

the outside} {of it}, {by a string forced [#9]} {through a pierced hole}, he fastened a

plate (DO), [Adj. to "plate" which could be released (P) ], and [Adj. to "plate" 

which was his woodland table (PN)]. |
 

6. Then one chill spring night [NuA] she died, | and old Henry, {in a fog} {of sorrow and

uncertainty}, followed her body (DO) {to the nearest graveyard}, an unattractive space 

[#10] {with a few pines growing [#11]} {in it}. |


Notes
1. Note the use of both a semicolon and "and" to join two main clauses.
2. "Children growing" is the core of a noun absolute that functions as the object of the preposition "with."
3. "Flickering" and "sounding" are gerundives that modify "phantasmagoria." Note that without the comma that separates "flickering" from "phantasmagoria," "phantasmagoria flickering ... and sounding..." could be explained as a noun absolute that functions as a predicate noun.
4. "Cow-bells tinkling" is the core of a noun absolute that functions as the object of the preposition "as." Alternatively, one could use ellipsis to explain this -- "as cow-bells *that are* tinkling ...."
5. "Supplies ... offered and accepted" is the core of a noun absolute that functions as the object of "with."
6. "Chair," "door" and "position" can be explained as appositives to "combination {of furniture}." "Shadow" is the direct object of "casting," which is a gerundive that modifies "door." "Door casting a shadow" can also be explained as a noun absolute that functions as an appositive to "combination {of furniture}."
7. "Phoebe leaning" is the core of a noun absolute that functions as the object of the preposition "of."
8. "Her" is the subject of the infinitive "do." The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "had seen."
9. "String forced" can be explained as a noun absolute that functions as the object of "by."
10. "Space" is an appositive to "graveyard."
11. "Pines growing" is the core of a noun absolute that functions as the object of "with."