-
Grade-Level ToC Nov. 9, 2012
Vincent van Gogh's
(1853-1890)
Montmartre
1886, oil on canvas,
The Art Institute of Chicago
Carol Gerten's Fine Art
KISS Grammar
Fourth Grade Workbooks
KISS Levels 1 and 2

Go to 
Grade 4, Level 3.1
Grade 4, Statistical Stylistics

Fourth Grade - KISS Levels 1 and 2
KISS Level 1 - The Basics
1.1 Subjects & Verbs
1.2. Nouns, Pronouns, Adjectives, Adverbs and Phrases
1.3 Adding Complements
1.4. Compounding
1.5 Prepositional Phrases
1.6. Case, Number, and Tense
1.7. Punctuation and Capitalization
L1.8. Vocabulary & Logic
KISS Level 2 - Expanding the Basics
2.1. The Complexities of S/V/C Patterns
2.1.1 Understood "You"
2.1.2 - Varied Positions in the S/V/C Pattern
2.1.3 - Expletives
2.1.4 - Palimpsest Patterns
2.1.5 - Phrasal Verbs
2.1.6 - Distinguishing Finite Verbs from Verbals
2.1.7 - The Subjunctive Mood
2.2. The Complexities of Prepositional Phrases
2.2.1. The "To" Problem
2.2.2 - Preposition or Subordinate Conjunction?
2.2.3 - Embedded Prepositional Phrases
2.2.4 - Prep Phrases - Advanced
2. 3. Adding Three Level Five Constructions
 
L2.1.6 Alternate Exercises

     Exercises on different consstructions, but from the same story, are spread throughout these materials. 
KISS Level One - The Basics
 
Note: The Objectives of Different Exercises
      The exercises in these books always begin with identification, but many exercises go beyond identification to aspects of writing style, errors, logic, punctuation, and more. In the on-line books, the objectives of exercises are indicated by their backgrounds. For more on this, click here.
KISS Level 1. 1. Identifying Subjects & Verbs
[These "Level" links lead to the corresponding on-line "Master Booklet' 
where you will find  additional exercises and notes for teachers.]
1
What is a sentence? Instructional Material
Is It a Sentence? (# 2Adapted from Campbell's Voyages) AK ToC
2
Single-Word Verbs Instructional Material
From Vredenburg's "The White Fawn" Text AK ToC
3
Finding the Complete Verb Phrase (Tenses) Instructional Material
From Vredenburg's "Little Red Riding Hood" Text AK ToC
4a
Finding the Complete Verb Phrase (Modal) Instructional Material
From the Writing of Fourth Graders AK ToC
4b Writing Sentences with Modal Helping Verbs
5
Other Helping Verbs Instructional Material
From The Velveteen Rabbit, by Margery Williams AK ToC
6 More Practice with Helping Verbs
From Vredenburg's "The White Fawn" Text AK ToC
7 Fill in the blanks with interesting verbs.
"Bob, the Fire Dog" AK ToC
8 A Passage for Analysis
From "Reddy Fox Goes Fishing," by Thornton W. Burgess AK ToC
9 Just for Fun
Why the English language is so hard to learn # 2 AK ToC
KISS Level 1. 2. Adding Nouns, Pronouns, 
Adjectives,  Adverbs, and Phrases
1a
Identifying Nouns and Pronouns Instructional Material
Identifying Nouns and Pronouns AK ToC
1b
From on G. MacDonald's At the Back of the North Wind (#2) AK ToC
2
Singular and Plural Nouns Instructional Material
* Creating Plural Nouns (Maxwell L1.01, 13) ToC
3 Irregular Plurals
*  Maxwell L1.01, 14 ToC
4 Replacing Nouns with Pronouns
Replacing Nouns with Pronouns AK ToC
5a
Identifying Adjectives and Adverbs Instructional Material
Adjectives and Adverbs (Maxwell L1 02 15) AK ToC
5b
Identifying Adjectives & Adverbs AK ToC
6a
Identifying Phrases (Chunking and Modification) Instructional Material
Identifying Phrases (10 Numbered Sentences) AK ToC
6b
Identifying Phrases (Short Text) AK ToC
7 Possessive Nouns and Pronouns Function as Adjectives
Maxwell L1 02 17 ToC
8 Fill in the Blanks with Adjectives or Adverbs
Fill in the Blanks with Adjectives or Adverbs ToC
9 Adjectives as Synonyms
* Adapted from Voyages in English (#1) ToC
10 Adjectives as Antonyms
* Adapted from Voyages in English (#1) ToC
11a
The Logic of Adjectives and Adverbs Instructional Material
Adapted from Kittredge, The Mother Tongue (#2) AK ToC
11b
Based on “Philemon and Baucis” Text AK ToC
12 A Passage for Analysis
From Mrs. Piggle-Wiggle, by Betty MacDonald AK ToC
KISS Level 1. 3. 
- Adding Complements (PA, PN, IO, DO)
Notes for Teachers:
Emphasizing the Analytical Process
Suggestion: Use exercises two through six only if your students need more examples of the specific types of complements.
Instructional Materials:
Identifying Complements Identifying the Types of Complements
A Flowchart for Identifying the Types
Examples of the Analytical Process
1a Mixed Complements
"The Birds of Killingworth," (adapted from Longfellow) Text AK ToC
1b
From Flora Cooke's "The Poplar Tree" Text AK ToC
1c
From "Jack and His Golden Box" Text AK ToC
1d
Mixed Complements Text AK ToC
2 A Focus on Predicate Adjectives
From Flora Cooke's "The Poplar Tree" Text AK ToC
3 A Focus on Predicate Nouns
From Flora Cooke's "The "Poplar Tree" Text AK ToC
4 A Focus on Direct Objects
From Vredenburg's "Snow-White and Rose-Red" Text AK ToC
5 A Focus on Indirect Objects
Based on Pinocchio, The Tale of a Puppet, by C. Collodi AK ToC
6 A Focus on the Zero Complement
From Flora Cooke's "The Poplar Tree" Text AK ToC
7
Verbs as Subjects or Complements Instructional Material
Based on Pinocchio, The Tale of a Puppet, by C. Collodi AK ToC
8 Predicate Adjective or Part of the Verb?
Instructional Material Background for Teachers
"The Birds of Killingworth," (adapted from Longfellow) Text AK ToC
9 Writing Sentences with Complements
* Maxwell L1 03 16 ToC
10 A Passage for Analysis
Ex. 2 from Mrs. Piggle-Wiggle, by Betty MacDonald AK ToC
11 Just for Fun - Mixed Complements
Just for Fun - Mixed Complements AK ToC
KISS Level 1. 4. Compounding
Instructional Material
1 Mixed Compounds
From Vredenburg's "Beauty and the Beast" Text AK ToC
2 Compound Finite Verbs
"The Birds of Killingworth," (adapted from Longfellow) Text AK ToC
3 Compound Complements
Adapted from Voyages in English AK ToC
4 Writing Sentences with Compounds
     Write a sentence that has three or more verbs for one subject. Write another sentence that has four or more complements for one verb.
5
Sentence-Combining Instructional Material
From "The Goose Girl," by Edric  Vredenburg Text AK ToC
6 Sentence-Decombining
From Vredenburg's My Book of Favorite Fairy Tales AK ToC
7 A Passage for Analysis
From E. B. White's The Trumpet of the Swan (Ex # 5) AK ToC
8      Treasure Hunt: In a story or book  that you are reading, find a sentence that has three or more verbs for one subject. Find a sentence that has three or more complements for one verb.
     Creating an Exercise: In a story or book that you are reading, find one sentence that has compound subjects, two sentences that have compound verbs, and two sentences that have compound verbs. Use them to make a mixed exercise (like exercise # 1). Make an analysis key for the exercise. (You can use the sentences that you found in the treasure hunt.)
KISS Level 1. 5. 
- Adding Simple Prepositional Phrases
What Is a Prepositional Phrase? Words That Can Function as Prepositions
1 Identifying Prepositional Phrases
Prepositions [FiB] (Maxwell L1 05 02) ToC
2a
The Functions of Prepositional Phrases Instructional Material
Additional IM: How Prepositional Phrases Work in Sentences
 
From "Fritz and Dan -- In the Spring Pasture" AK Text ToC
2b
The Story of Columbus AK Text ToC
3 Prepositions by Themselves Can Function as Adverbs
* Mama Skunk AK ToC
4 Prepositional Phrases as Indirect Objects
Based on Pinocchio, The Tale of a Puppet, by C. Collodi AK ToC
5 Compound Objects of Prepositions
Based on Pinocchio, The Tale of a Puppet, by C. Collodi AK ToC
6
Separated Objects of Prepositions  Notes for Teachers
Based on Pinocchio, The Tale of a Puppet, by C. Collodi AK ToC
7 * Writing Sentences with Compound Objects of Prepositions
8 Rewriting Adjectives and Adverbs as Prepositional Phrases
From Pinocchio, by C. Collodi (Ex # 2) AK ToC
9 Sentence-Combining and Prepositional Phrases
Sentence Combining with Prepositional Phrases - Ex # 1 from "Jack and His Golden Box" Text AK ToC
10a
The Logic of Prepositional Phrases Instructional Material
From The Velveteen Rabbit, by Margery Williams ( # 1) AK ToC
10b
From The Velveteen Rabbit, by Margery Williams (# 2) AK ToC
11 Logic - Adding Prepositional Phrases of Time and Space
Adapted from Voyages in English (#2) ToC
12a Style - Left, Right, and Mid-Branching Phrases
Instructional Material Notes for Teachers
Based on Pinocchio, The Tale of a Puppet, by C. Collodi ToC
12b
Ex AK ToC
13 Style - Sentence Models for Writing
From E. B. White's The Trumpet of the Swan (Ex # 6) AK ToC
14a Passages for Analysis
From Stuart Little, by E. B. White, Ex # 1 AK ToC
14b
From Stuart Little, by E. B. White, Ex # 2 AK ToC
15 * Write, Revise, Edit, Analyze -- Describing an Event

KISS Level 1. 6. Case, Number, and Tense
1
Recognizing Antecedents Instructional Material
Personal Pronouns (Maxwell L1 01 23) ToC
2 Antecedents - FiB with Pronouns or Possessive Adjectives
Personal Pronouns and Adjectives [FiB] (Maxwell L1 01 20) ToC
3 Pronouns as Subjects in Multi - S/V/C Sentences 
From Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, by Lewis Carroll AK ToC
4a
 Person, Number, and Case Instructional Material
Person, Number, and Case - Ten Sentences AK ToC
4b
The Monkey and the Crocodile (Text) AK ToC
5
Pronouns: Gender Instructional Material
Pronouns: Gender  AK ToC
6a Personal Pronouns
* Writing Sentences with Personal Pronouns (Maxwell L1 01 17) ToC
6b
Personal Pronouns [Recipe Roster] (Maxwell L1 01 18) ToC
7a Pronouns as Predicate Nouns
Adapted from Voyages in English (#2) ToC
7b
* Pronouns as Predicate Nouns (Choose) AK ToC
7c * Pronouns as Predicate Nouns -- A Research Project
8a
Identifying Tenses Instructional Material
Identifying Tenses -  From Vredenburg's "Cinderella" Text AK ToC
8b Changing Tenses
From Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, by Lewis Carroll AK ToC
9 Review: Person, Number, Case, and Tense
Person, Number, Case, and Tense AK ToC
KISS Level 1. 7. Punctuation and Capitalization
[Instructional Material (includes material beyond Level 1)]
1 The Importance of Punctuation
"Fingers and Toes AK ToC
2 Punctuating Sentences
Maxwell L1 06 02 ToC
3
Capitalization Instructional Material
Adapted from Campbell, Voyages in English  (# 2) AK ToC
4 Commas in a Series
Adapted from Voyages in English AK ToC
5 Commas in Addresses and Dates
* From Growth in English: Seventh Year AK ToC
6 Apostrophes to Show Possession
From Vredenburg's My Favorite Fairy Tales AK ToC
7 Apostrophes in Contractions
From Vredenburg's My Favorite Fairy Tales AK ToC
8 Quotation Marks
From Campbell's Voyages in English (#2) AK ToC
9 Replacing Lost Punctuation & Capitalization
From Holbrook's  "The Oriole" Original  AK ToC
10 Creating an Exercise: Select a short passage from a book. Remove all the capitalization and punctuation to make a punctuation exercise for your classmates. Do at least one of your classmates' exercises.
KISS Level 1. 8. Vocabulary and Logic
1
Abstract and Concrete Words Instructional Material Notes for Teachers
Abstract and Concrete Words (and Phrases)  - Wonder # 2 AK ToC
2
Abstract/Concrete (Common & Proper Nouns) Instructional Material
Common and Proper Nouns (Maxwell L1-01-11) ToC
3 Vocabulary - Synonyms
Synonyms - From "Jack and His Golden Box" Text ToC
4 Vocabulary - Antonyms
Vocabulary - Antonyms (Child-Story Readers) ToC
5 Fill in the blanks with interesting words.
Adapted from Voyages in English (# 2) AK ToC
6 Vocabulary and Logic
* "Where Does Each Belong?" AK ToC
7a
Vocabulary - Suffixes IM - Word Families
* Suffixes That Create Nouns - State of Being (Sadlier) ToC
7b
* Suffixes That Create Nouns - People (Sadlier) ToC
7c
* Suffixes That Create Nouns - Office, Place, Collection (Sadlier) ToC
7d
* Suffixes That Create Nouns - Art, Science, Practice (Sadlier) ToC
7e
* Suffixes That Create Adjectives - Quality (Sadlier #1) ToC
7f
* Suffixes That Create Adjectives - Power, Potential (Sadlier #2) ToC
7g
* Suffixes That Create Adjectives - Relationship (Sadlier #3) ToC
7h
* Suffixes That Create Adjectives - Likeness (Sadlier #4) ToC
7i
Suffixes for Making Verbs (Sadlier #1) ToC
7j
L1.8 Suffixes for Making Verbs from Nouns and Adjectives (Sadlier) ToC
7k
* Suffixes That Create Adverbs (Sadlier # 1) ToC
8 Vocabulary - Prefixes
* Some Common Prefixes -- Re-, Sub-, Sur-, Trans- (Sadlier) ToC
9 Vocabulary - Roots
* Identifying Roots ToC
KISS Level Two - Expanding the Basics
KISS Level 2. 1. The Complexities of S/V/C Patterns
KISS Level 2.1.1 Understood "You"
1
Instructional Material
"Shall I Sing?" (Kate Greenaway) AK ToC
2
From Vredenburg's My Book of Favorite Fairy Tales AK ToC
KISS Level 2. 1. 2
- Varied Positions in the S/V/C Pattern
1
From Vredenburg's My Book of Favorite Fairy Tales (Ex # 2) AK ToC
2
* "Clytie, the Heliotrope," Adapted from Ovid Text AK ToC
3 * Model Sentences Based on "Clytie, the Heliotrope"
KISS Level 2. 1. 3 - Expletives (Optional)
1
Expletives Instructional Material
From Potter's Samuel Whiskers #1 Text AK ToC
2
AK ToC
KISS Level 2. 1. 4 - Palimpsest Patterns
1
Instructional Material
From Vredenburg's My Book of Favorite Fairy Tales AK ToC
2
From Little Red Riding Hood (Lang) Text AK ToC
KISS Level 2. 1. 5 - Phrasal Verbs
Preposition? Adverb? Or Part of the Verb?
1
Instructional Material
From the Writing of a Fourth Grade Student (#1) AK ToC
2
From the Writing of a Fourth Grade Student (#2) AK ToC
3
From Vredenburg's My Book of Favorite Fairy Tales AK  ToC
KISS Level 2. 1. 6 - 
Distinguishing Finite Verbs from Verbals
Click here for an alternative set of exercises.
Important Background Material for Teachers!
1
Using the Noun Test to Eliminate Verbals The Noun Test
Using the Noun Test to Eliminate Verbals AK ToC
2
Using the "To" Test to Eliminate Verbals The "To" Test
Ex # 1 from "Thumbelina" Text AK ToC
3
Using the Sentence Test to Eliminate Verbals The Sentence Test
Ex # 3 from "Thumbelina" Text AK ToC
4a
Mixed Exercise on Verbals Summary Instructional Material
From "Jack and His Golden Box (Ex # 1) Text AK ToC
4b
From "Jack and His Golden Box (Ex # 2) Text AK ToC
5 A Passage for Analysis
The Closing 64 Words of "Jack and His Golden Box" AK ToC
     one subordinate clause; one gerund, three infinitives  (10.7 W/MC) 
6 Just for Fun
Just for Fun AK ToC
KISS Level 2.1.7 The Subjunctive Mood
[Instructional Material] [Notes for Teachers]
1
From Vredenburg's My Book of Favorite Fairy Tales AK ToC
2
AK ToC
KISS Level 2. 2. The Complexities of Prepositional Phrases
KISS Level 2. 2. 1. The "To" Problem
& Verbs as Objects of Prepositions
1a
Identification Instructional Material
From "The Fairy Ring," by Johnny Gruelle Text AK ToC
1b
From Vredenburg's My Book of Favorite Fairy Tales AK ToC
2
Verbs as Objects of Prepositions Instructional Material
Verbs as Objects of Prepositions AK ToC
3 Writing Sentences
*  "To" and "Too" [IM] Notes
4 Treasure Hunt and/or Recipe Roster: Find and bring to class (or write) a sentence in which "to" is used both as a preposition and not as a preposition.
KISS Level 2.2.2
Preposition (or Subordinate Conjunction)?
1
Instructional Material
Preposition or Subordinate Conjunction? Ex # 2 AK ToC
2
From "The Fairy Ring," by Johnny Gruelle Text AK ToC
KISS Level 2. 2. 3
- Embedded Prepositional Phrases
1a
Identification Instructional Material
AK ToC
1b
From Vredenburg's My Favorite Fairy Tales AK ToC
1c
AK ToC
2a Passages for Analysis
* "The Pledge of Allegiance" AK ToC
2b
From "The Wilful Little Breeze," by Thornton W. Burgess AK ToC
3 Treasure Hunt and/or Recipe Roster: Find and bring to class (or write) a sentence that has an embedded prepositional phrase in it. Underline the embedded phrase and the phrase that it is embedded in.
KISS Level 2. 2.4
Prep Phrases - Advanced Questions
     The objective of this section is to show you some of the things that you are expected to have problems with until you get through KISS Levels Three and Four.
1 Verbs as Objects of Prepositions
Verbs as Objects of Prepositions AK ToC
2 Subordinate Clauses as Objects of Prepositions
Subordinate Clauses as Objects of Prepositions AK ToC
3 Ellipsed Objects of Prepositions
Ellipsed Objects of Prepositions AK ToC
KISS Level 2. 3
Adding Three Level Five Constructions
1
Nouns Used as Adverbs Instructional Material
Nouns Used as Adverbs AK ToC
2a
Interjections Instructional Material
Interjections [Fill in the Blanks] (Maxwell L5 3 01) ToC
2b
Interjections - From Lang's Thumbelina Text AK ToC
3 A Study in the Punctuation of Interjections
From E. B. White's Stuart Little (#2) AK ToC
4
Direct Address Instructional Material
Direct Address - From Lang's Thumbelina Text AK ToC
5 A Study in the Punctuation of Direct Address
From Voyages in English (#1) AK ToC
6 Mixed Constructions
From "Jack and His Golden Box" Text AK ToC
7 Treasure Hunts and/or Recipe Rosters:
a. Find and bring to class (or write)  a sentence that has a noun used as an adverb in it.
b. Find and bring to class (or write)  a sentence that has an interjection in it.
c. Find and bring to class (or write) a sentence that has an example of direct address in it.
d. Find and bring to class (or write)  a sentence that has a noun used as an adverb, two  prepositional phrases, and a direct object.
Go to Level 3.1



An Optional Set of Exercises for
KISS Level 2. 1. 6 -
Distinguishing Finite Verbs from Verbals
The exercises on verbals in this section are all from the writing of fourth graders.
1
Verbals --  Verbs as Direct Objects AK  ToC
2
Verbals (Infinitives) with and without a subject AK  "
3
Verbals (Gerunds) as Direct Objects AK  "
4
Verbals -- Comparing Gerunds and Infinitives as Direct Objects AK  "
5
Verbals (Infinitives) as Direct Objects (Relatively Easy) AK  "
6
Verbals (Infinitives) as Direct Objects  (More Difficult) AK  "
7
Verbals (Gerundives) as Adjectives AK  "
8
Verbals (Infinitives) as Adjectives AK  "
9
Verbals (Infinitives) as Adverbs (Easy) AK  "
10
Verbals (Infinitives) as Adverbs (Harder) AK  "
11
Verbals That Function as Adjectives — "How to" and "What to" AK  "