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How Brave Walter Hunted Wolves
From The Lilac Fairy Book, edited by Andrew Lang

An Exercise on Helping Verbs
Analysis Key

1. Walter is six years [NuA] old (PA), | and he must soon begin to go [#1] {to 

school}. | He cannot read yet, | but he can do many other things (DO). |
 

2. That is [PN how I should shoot you (DO) [Adv. to "should shoot" if you

were a wolf (PN)]]! |
 

3. Indeed, some thought [DO that the brave boy boasted a little [NuA] ]; | but

one must indeed believe him (DO) [Adv. to "must believe" since he said so (DO)

himself [#2] ]. |
 

4. I could manage very well alone {with three}, | but [Adv. to "might not have" if

there were more (PN)], I might not have time (DO) to kill them all [#3] [Adv.

to "to kill" before they ran away]. |
 

5. Down, Caro [DirA] ! | [#4] you ought to be rather ashamed (PA) [#5] to have put

such a great hero to flight [#6] ! |


Notes
1. Alternatively, "to go" can be explained as an infinitive that functions as the direct object of "must begin."
2. "Himself" is an appositive to "he."
3. The infinitive "to kill" functions as an adjective to "time." "Them" is the direct object of the infinitive; "all" can be explained as an appositive to "them" and/or as a post-positioned adjective that modifies "them."
4. I have marked this as a main clause because what precedes it means "You get down." On a quiz, I would not count this if students did not so mark it.
5. Alternatively, "ashamed" could be explained as part of the finite verb here.
6. The phrase "hero to flight" can be explained in a number of ways, but perhaps the simplest is to consider "hero" the indirect and the infinitive "to flight" as the direct object of the infinitive "to have put." (Note, by the way, the interchangeability of the phrase -- to have put to flight such a great hero.") The entire "to have put" phrase functions as an adverb to "ashamed."