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How Brave Walter Hunted Wolves
From The Lilac Fairy Book, edited by Andrew Lang

Mixed Subordinate Clauses
Analysis Key
[Note that # 2 has a subordinate clause within a subordinate clause.]

1. Thereupon Walter began to beat [#1] his drum (DO) {with all his might} [Adv. to 

"began" while they were going {through the wood}]. |
 

2. [Adv. to "would say" When he wrestled {with Klas Bogenstrom or Frithiof Waderfelt}

and struck them (DO) {in the back}], he would say [DO That is [PN what [#2]

I shall do {to a wolf}!]] |
 

3. Very soon he came quite close {to the kiln}, [Adj. to "kiln" where the wolves had

killed the ram (DO)]. |
 

4. [Adv. to "asked" When they came {to the mill}] Walter immediately asked [DO if

there [#3] had been any wolves (PN) {in the neighbourhood} lately. |
 

5. Perhaps the very ones [Adj. to "ones" which killed the ram (DO)] were still

sitting there {in a corner}. |
 

6. The drumsticks stiffened {in Walter’s hands}, | and he thought [DO now they

are coming. ...!] |
 

7. {For the rest} he has a good heart (DO) but a bad memory (DO), and forgets

his father's and his mother's admonitions (DO), and so often gets {into trouble} and

meets {with adventures}, [ [#4] as you shall hear], | but first {of all} I must tell

you (IO) [DO how brave (PA) he was] and [DO how he hunted wolves (DO)]. |


Notes
1. "To beat" can be explained as an infinitive that functions as the direct object of "began," or as part of the finite verb phrase "began to beat."
2. Note how this "what" functions simultaneously as the subordinating conjunction and the direct object of "shall do."
3. Alternatively, see Expletives.
4. Some grammarians would probably consider this clause to be adverbial, but it functions more as an interjection. Thus I would accept either explanation.