Pennsylvania College of  Technology Dr. Ed Vavra, 
Assoc. Prof. of Rhetoric

A Bibliography of Materials on Grammar

For a shorter bibliography, limited to what I consider the most important works, click here.
For a critique of articles, etc. on grammar published by NCTE, click here.

Akmajian, A., and Heny, F., An Introduction to the Principles of Transformational Syntax, Cambridge, Mass., MIT Press, 1975.

Andrew, Samuel O. Syntax and Style in Old English. 1966. 

Ash, I.O. "An Experimental Evaluation of the Stylistic Approach in Teaching  Composition in Junior High School." Journal of Experimental Education.  4 (1935), 54-62. 

Asker, William. "Does Knowledge of Formal Grammar Function?" School and  Society (January 27, 1923), 109-111.

Aurbach, Joseph, et al. Transformational Grammar: A Guide for Teachers. Washington, D.C.: English Language Service, 1968. [R, N7]

Bach, Emmon. An Introduction to Transformational Grammars. NY: Holt, Rinehart, 1964. [R, N7]

Bach, E. and Harms, R. Universals in Linguistic Theory, New York, Holt, Rinehart Winston. 1968.

Bailey, Dudley. ed. Introductory Language Essays. NY: Norton, 1965. [R, N7]

Barnes, D. et al. Language, the Learner and the School. Penguin, 1969. 

Baron, Denis E. Grammar and Good Taste: Reforming the American Language Yale Univ. Press, 1982. 263 pp. 

Bartholomae, David. "The Study of Error." CCC 31 (Oct 80):253-269.[HX,R}

Basset, Patrick F. "Grammar--Can We Afford Not to Teach It?" NASSP Bulletin  64, No 10 (1980), 55-63. 

Bauer, Mary Beth, et al. Grammar and Composition: Level 6. Englewood Cliffs,  N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1982. [T]

Baugh, A. C. A History of the English Language, 2nd ed, Routledge & Kegan Paul. 1959.

Berger, Joan. "A Systematic Approach to Grammar Instruction." Voices from the Middle. March 2001 (8:3) 43-49. [Although limited in perspective, this is an interesting article on the need for systematic instruction in grammar. H,X (Voices)]

Berkowitz, L. ed. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology Vol. 4, New York, Academic Press. 1969.

Berry, M., Introduction to Systemic Linguistics, Batsford, 1975.

Bever, T.G. "The Influence of Speech Performance on Linguistic Structures,"   in Advances in Psycholinguistics, ed. G.B. Flores d'Arcais &  W.J.M. Levelt. Amsterdam, 1970. 

Black, Maria and Shulamith Chiat, "Psycholinguistics without 'Psychological  Reality'," Linguistics, 19 (1981), 37-61. 

Black, Max. The Labyrinth of Language.

Bloch, B.'Linguistic structure and linguistic analysis' in Hill, A. A. ed Report of the Fourth Annual Round Table Meeting on Linguistics and Language Study, Washington D.C., Georgetown University Press. 1953.

Bloomfield, Leonard, Language. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston   1963. [One of the major works of descriptive linguistics.; R]

Bolinger, Dwight. Aspects of Language. 2nd ed. New York: HBJ, 1975.[R]

_____. Language -- the Loaded Weapon, Longman.1980.

_____. Meaning and Form, Longman. 1977.

Boomer, D.S. "Hesitation and Grammatical Encoding," American Philosophical  Society Prentice-Hall, 1982. [? This sounds as if it would be interesting, but the citation seems to be incorrect.]

Braddock, Richard, Richard Lloyd-Jones, and Lowell Schoer. Research in  Written Composition. Urbana, Ill.: NCTE, 1963. [R A crime against grammar]

Bresnan, Joan, ed. The Mental Representation of Grammatical Relations.  Cambridge, Mass.:MIT Press, 1982.

Brook, G. L. A History of the English Language, Deutsch. 1958.

Brooks, Phyllis. "Mimesis: Grammar and the Echoing Voice." CE. (35), 1973,  161-168.

Brown, Ann Cole, et. al. Grammar and Composition: Sixth Course. Geneva, Ill: Houghton Mifflin, 1984. [T]

_____ Building English Skills: Purple Level. Evanston, Ill: McDougal, Littel,  1977.[T]

Brown, G. L. A History of the English Language. NY: Norton, 1958. [H, R, N7]

Cairns, Henen S. and Charles E. Cairns. Psycholinguistics. New York. Holt,  Rinehart, and Winston. 1976. 

Campbell, Dianna S., and Terry Ryan Meier. Easy Writer: Basic Sentence Combining and Comprehensive Skills. 2nd ed.. Harper, 1984.[TH]

Carton, Aaron S., and Castiglione, Lawrence V. "Educational Linguistics:  Defining the Domain," Psycholinguistic Research: Implications and  Applications ed. Doris Aaronson and Robert W. Rieber (Hillsdale, N.J.:  Lawrence Erlbaum, 1979), 497-520.

Chadwick, Bruce, "Writers and Grammar: An Image Problem." English Journal  71 (April 1982). 54-55. [R]

Chafe, W. Meaning and the Structure of Language, Chicago, University of Chicago Press.1970.

Chomsky, Noam. Aspects of the Theory of Syntax. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press  1965.[R]

_____ Cartesian Linguistics: A Chapter in the History of Rationalist Thought.  New York: Harper & Row, 1966. [R, N7]

_____ Current Issues in Linguistic Theory.  The Hague:Mouton, 1964. 

_____ "The Current Scene in Linguistics" CE, 27 (1966), 587-595.

_____ Language and Mind. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1972. 

_____ Language and Responsibility. Trans. John Viertel. New York: Pantheon, 1977. (R, N7)

_____  "Linguistic Theory," in Language Teaching: Broader Contexts. ed.  Robert C. Meade, Jr. NY: Modern Language Association, 1966, 43-49. 

_____ "On the Notion of 'Rules of Grammar'."  Proceedings of the 12th Symposium in Applied Mathematics. xii (1961), 6-24. 

_____  "Some Methodological Remarks on Generative Grammar." Word xvii   (1961): 219-239. 

_____. Reflections on Language, Maurice Temple Smith. 1976.

_____ Studies on Semantics in Generative Grammar. The Hague:Mouton,   1972. [R, N7]

_____ Syntactic Structures. The Hague:Mouton, 1957. [R; N7 This is Chomsky's most influential work.]

_____ Topics in the Theory of Generative Grammar. The Hague: Mouton,  1966. 

_____  "A Transformational Approach to Syntax."  In Proceedings of the 1958 Conference on Problems of Linguistic Analysis in English.   Ed. A. A. Hill. Austin, Texas, 1962. 124-158. 

     Works about Chomsky
Lyons, John. Noam Chomsky. New York:Viking, 1970. [R, N7; A good introduction.]

Chotlas, John W. "Studies in Language Behavior. IV. Statistical and  Comparative Analysis of Individual Written Language Samples,"  Psychological Monographs, 56 (1944), 77-111. 

Christensen, Francis, "A Generative Rhetoric of the Sentence," CCC, 14  1963, 155-161. 

_____. and Bonniejean Christensen. A New Rhetoric: NY: Harper & Row, 1976. [ToC and Notes]

_____,  Notes Toward a New Rhetoric. New York: Harper & Row, 1967 [R, N7]

Clark, H. H., and Clark, E. V. Psychology and Language, N.Y.: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. 1977.

Clifford, John & Robert F. Waterhouse. Sentence Combining: Shaping Ideas for Better Style. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1983. [R, N7]

Coe, R. M. Toward a grammar of passages. Carbondale, Illinois: Southern Illinois University Press, 1988. 

Cole, P. and Morgan, J., eds Syntax and Semantics, III: Speech Acts, New York, Academic Press.1975.

Connors, Robert J. "The Erasure of the Sentence," College Composition and Communication 52:1 Sept. 2000, 96-128. [R, X]

Connors, R. J., & Lunsford, A.A., "Frequency of Formal Errors in Current College Writing, or Ma and Pa Kettle Do Research." College Composition and Communication 39, 1988 :395-409. [R]

Corder, Jim W. "Outhouses, Weather Changes, and the Return to Basics in  English Education." CE 38 (January, 1977), 480. 

Coulthard, M. An Introduction to Discourse Analysis, Longman. 1977.

Crane, L. Ben.  Edward Yeager, & Randal L. Whitman. An Introduction to Linguistics. Boston: Little Brown, 1981. [H, R, N7]

Crystal, D. Linguistics. Penguin, 1971.

Curme, George O. A Grammar of the English Language. 2 vols. Boston: D.C.  Heath. 1931-1935. [Curme and Jespersen are the two masters of  traditional grammar. Curme's second volume, on syntax, can be helpful.]

Daiker, Donald A. , Andrew Kerek, and Max Morenberg. Sentence Combining and College Composition. 1980.  [R]

_____ ,  Andrew Kerek, & Max Morenberg, eds. Sentence Combining and the Teaching of Writing: Selected Papers from the Miami University Conference, Oxford, Ohio, October 27 & 28, 1978. The Departments of English, University of Akron and the University of Central Arkansas, 1979.. [ToC and Notes]

_____ , Andrew Kerek, and Max Morenberg. eds. Sentence Combining: Toward a Rhetorical Perspective. (Carbondale: Southern  Illinois UP, in press.) 

_____ , Andrew Kerek, and Max Morenberg. The Writer's Options. 1982. [HR]

Danes, F. ed. Papers on Functional Sentence Perspective. The Hague: Mouton,  1974. 

D'Angelo, F.J. Process and thought in composition. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, 1985. 

Daniels, Harvey A. Famous Last Words: The American Language Crisis Reconsidered Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1983. (against grammar) [R]

Davis, Frederica, "In Defense of Grammar," 16 No.3 English Education,  Oct 84. 151-164.  [R; Includes a letter from Noam Chomsky

DeBoer, John J. "Grammar in Language Teaching." Elementary English, 36  (1959), 412-421. 

Dew, D. and Jensen, P. Phonetic Processing: the Dynamics of Speech, Columbus, Ohio, Merrill. 1977.

De Saussure, Ferdinand. Course in General Linguistics. Ed. C. Bally & A. Sechehaye. Trans. Wade Baskin. New York: Philosophical Library   1959. [He is often considered the father of modern linguistics.] [R, N7]

DeStefano, Johanna S. Language, the Learner & the School. NY: John Wiley & Sons, 1978. [R, N7]

Dinneen, Francis P. An Introduction to General Linguistics. New York:  Holt, Rinehart, 1967. [R, N7; A fairly good introduction.]

Doster, William P. First Perspectives on Language. 2nd ed. NY: American Book Co.. 1968. [R, N7]

Doughty, P. Language Study, the Teacher and the Learner. Edward Arnold,  1973.

Dykstra, Pam. "The Patterns of Language: Perspective on Teaching Writing." Teaching English in the Two-Year College. May 1997. 

Eckhoff, Barbara. "How Reading Affects Children's Writing." Language Arts. 60:5 (May 83) 607-616. [R, N7]

Elbow, P. (1985) . The challenge for sentence combining. In Sentence combining: A rhetorical perspective, edited by D. A. Daiker, A. Kerek, & M.Morenberg, 232-45. Carbondale, Ill.: Southern Illinois University Press

Elgin, Suzette Haden. "Never Mind the Trees: What the English Teacher  Really Needs to Know about Linguistics" Berkeley: University of  California College of Education, Bay Area Writing Project Occasional  Paper No. 2, 1980; ERIC 198 536; [against grammar]

Ellegard, A. The Syntactic Structure of English Texts: a computer-based study of four kinds of text in the Brown University Corpus, Gothenburg Studies in English, 1978. 43.

Emonds, Joseph. Adjacency in Grammar: The Theory of Language-Particular Rules. NY: Academic, 1983. 

Epes, Mary, et al. "The COMP-LAB Project: Assessing the Effectiveness of a Laboratory-Centered Basic Writing Course on the College Level".  Jamaica, N.Y.: York College, CUNY, 1979. ERIC 194 908 (pro grammar)

Ervin-Tripp, S. M. 'Sociolinguistics', in Berkowitz, L.ed. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology Vol. 4, New York, Academic Press. 1969, 93-107.

Evans, June B. "The Analogous Ounce: The Analgesic for Relief". EJ, 70,  No.2. (1981). 38-39. (pro grammar)

Faigley, Lester. (1979a)  "Generative Rhetoric as a Way of Increasing Syntactic Fluency: CCC, Vol. 30, 176-81. [R; HX -- Faigley]

_____. (1979b) "The Influence of Generative Rhetoric on the Syntactic Maturity and Writing Effectiveness of College Freshmen." RTE, Vol. 13, 197-206.  [R; HX -- Faigley]

_____. (1979c) "Problems in Analyzing Maturity in College and Adult Writing." in Sentence Combining and the Teaching of Writing: Selected Papers from the Miami University Conference, Oxford Ohio, October 27 & 28, 1978. Ed. Donald A. Daiker, Andrew Kerek and Max Morenberg. University of Akron and the University of Central Kansas, 1979, 94-100

_____. (1980) "Names in Search of a Concept: Maturity, Fluency,  Complexity, and Growth in Written Syntax." CCC 31 (Oct 80):291-299. [R; HX -- Faigley; This is a five-star article.]

Ferguson, Charles A. "Cognitive Effects of Literacy: Linguistic Awareness  in Adult Non-readers" (Washington, D.C.: National Institute of  Education Final Report, 1981; ERIC 222 857. 

Fillenbaum, Samuel. "On Coping with Ordered and Unordered Conjunctive Sentences," Journal of Experimental Psychology 87 (1971), 93-98. 

Fillmore, C. J. (1968) 'The case for case', in Bach, E. and Harms, R. Universals in Linguistic Theory, New York, Holt, Rinehart Winston. 1968., 1-88.

Firth, J. R. Papers in Linguistics, 1934-1951. London: Oxford UP, 1957 [1961] [S= J. Miles, Style, 178] 

Fodor, J.A., T.G. Bever, and M.F. Garrett. The Psychology of Language: An  Introduction to Psycholinguistics and Generative Grammar.  New York. McGraw-Hill, 1974. 

Fodor, J.A. and J. J. Katz, eds. The Structure of Language: Readings in the Philosophy of Language. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1964. [S= J. Miles, Style, 178] 

Forster, K.I. and L.A. Ryder, "Perceiving the Structure and Meaning of  Sentences," Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior 10  (1971), 285-96. 

Fowler, Mary Elizabeth. Teaching Language, Composition, and Literature. NY:  McGraw-Hill, 1965.

Francis, W. Nelson. The English Language: An Introduction. NY:Norton,  1965. (HR)

_____. "Revolution in Grammar," Quarterly Journal of Speech,  40 (1954), 299-312. (defines "grammar".)

_____. The Structure of American English. (1958)

Freedle, Roy O. "Language Users as Fallible Information-Processors: Implications for Measuring and Modeling Comprehension," in Language Comprehension and the Acquisition of Knowledge. Ed. Roy O. Freedle and John B. Carroll. Wash. D.C.: V.H. Winston and Sons, 1972. pp.169-210. 

Fries, Charles Carpenter. American English Grammar. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts. 1940. [Fries claims that oral language is primary.]

_____ . Linguistics & Reading. NY: Holt, Rinehart & Winston. 1963. [R, N7]

_____ . The Structure of English. NY: Harcourt, Brace & World. 1952. [R, N7]

Frogner, Ellen. "Grammar Approach Versus Thought Approach in Teaching  Sentence Structure." EJ. 28 (September, 1939), 518-526. 

_____ "Problems of Sentence Structure in Pupils' Themes," EJ, 22  (November, 1933), 742-749.

_____  "A Study of the Relative Efficacy of a Grammatical and a Thought  Approach to the Improvement of Sentence Structure in Grades Nine and  Eleven." School Review. 47 (1939), 663-675. 

Garvin, Paul L. On Linguistic Method: Selected Papers. The Hague, Mouton, 1964.

Gerber, Philip L., et al. Effective English Handbook. Glenview, Ill.:  Silver Burdett, 1982. 

Giglioli, P. P. Language and Social Context, Harmondsworth, Penguin. 1975.

Gimson, A. C. An Introduction to the Pronounciation of English , 2nd ed., Edward Arnold. 1970.

Givon, T. Syntax: A Functional-typological Introduction. Vol. I. (Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 1985?. 420pp. [H - It's for linguists.]

Glatthorn, Allan A., et al. The English Book, 6: A Complete Course.  Chicago: Science Research Associates, 1982. [T]

Gleason, Henry Allen. An Introduction to Descriptive Linguistics. 1955.

_____. Linguistics and English Grammar. New York: Holt Rinehart,   1965. [R, N7; An excellent survey that was used as a standard for many years.].

Greenbaum, Sydney. "What is Grammar and Why Teach It?" a paper presented  at the annual meeting of the NCTE, Boston, Nov. 82; ERIC 222 917; (pro  grammar.)

Greenberg, J. H.  'Some universals of grammar with particular reference to the order of meaningful elements', in Greenberg, J. H. ed Universals of Language, 2nd ed., Cambridge Mass., MIT Press. 1963, 58-90.

_____.  ed Universals of Language, 2nd ed., Cambridge Mass., MIT Press. 1963.

Grice, H. P. 'Logic and conversation', in Cole, P. and Morgan, J., eds Syntax and Semantics, III: Speech Acts, New York, Academic Press.1975. 41-58.

Hairston, M. (1981) . Not all errors are created equal: Nonacademic readers in the professions respond to lapses in usage. College English 43:794-806.

Halliday, M.A.K. and Hansan, R. Cohesion in English. Longman, 1976 

_____, Explorations in the Functions of Language. Edward Arnold,  1973.

_____. 'Language Structure and Language Function' in Lyons, J. ed, New Horizons in Linguistics, Harmondsworth, Penguin, 1970, 140-65.

_____, Angus McIntosh, and P. Strevens. The Linguistic Sciences  and Language Teaching. London, London: Longmans, Green, 1964. 

_____.  'Notes on transitivity and theme in English: Part I', Journal of Linguistics, (1967)  3, 37-81.

_____. 'Notes on transitivity and theme in English: Part II', Journal of Linguistics, (1968) 3, 199-244.

Harris, Stephen L. and Stephen P. Witte, "Sentence-Combining In A  Rhetorical Framework: Directions for Further Research," in  Reinventing the Rhetorical Tradition, eds. A. Freedman and I.   Pringle (Conway, Ark.: Canadian Council of Teachers of English,   L.& S. Books, 1980). 

Harris, Zellig.S. "Distributional Structure," Linguistics Today." Ed. A. Martinet and U. Weinreich. NY: Linguistic Circle of New York, 1954, 26-42. 

_____ . Methods in Structural Linguistics. Chicago, 1951. [R]

Hartwell, *HR* Patrick, "Grammar, Grammars, and the Teaching of Grammar." CE, 47 No.2 (Feb 85), 105-127. [against grammar; a literary scholar barges into a field he knows little about]

Haussamen, Brock. Revising the Rules: Traditional Grammar and Modern Linguistics. Second Edition. Dubuque, IA: Kendall/Hunt, 1993/97. 

Heider, Fritz, and Grace M. Heider. "A Comparison of Sentence Structure of  Deaf and Hearing Children," Psychological Monographs, 52, 1 (1940),  42-103. 

Herndon, Jeanne H. A Survey of Modern Grammars. New York:Holt, Rinehart and  Winston, 1970.  [R, N7; Below average.]

Hibbison, Eric. A Handbook for Student Writers and Researchers. Prentice-Hall, 1984. [T]

Hill, A.A. Introduction to Linguistic Structures: From Sound to Sentence in English. New York: Harcourt Brace, 1958. [R]

Hillocks, G. Research on written composition: New directions for teaching. Urbana: NCTE/ERIC, 1986. [R]

Hockett, Charles F. Course in Modern Linguistics. New York: Macmillan,  1958. [R]

Holt, J. R. "In Defense of Formal Grammar." Curriculum Review. 21 No.2. 173-78. May, 1982. 

Huddleston, R., An Introduction to Transformational Syntax, Longman, 1976.

Hughes, John A. Linguistics & Language Teaching. NY: Random House. 1968. [R, N7]

Jacobs, Roderick. "A Short Introduction to Transformational Grammar."  In Linguistics for Teachers. Ed. John Savage.  Chicago:Science  Research Associates, 1973. 

_____. & Rosenbaum, P.S. English Transformational Grammar. Waltham, Mass.: Blaisdell, 1968.

Jacobs, Suzanne E. Composing and Coherence: The Writing of Eleven Pre-Medical Students.(Washington, D.C.: Center for Applied  Linguistics, 1982, 101 pages. [Reviewed in CCC, Feb 84, 104-105]

Jakobson, Roman and Morris Halle. Fundamentals of Language. The Hague: Mouton, 1956. 

Jespersen, J. Otto. Analytic Syntax. Copenhagen: Munksgaard, 1937. 

_____ Efficiency in Language Change. Copenhagen, 1941. 

_____ Essentials of English Grammar. New York: Holt, Rinehart and  Winston, 1933. [R, N7] [Jespersen's is the grammar that Chomsky, in his letter to Davis, suggests for the schools.; Read parts]

_____ Growth and Structure of the English Language. NY: G.E. Stechert, 1905. 

_____ Language, Its Nature, Development, and Origin. London: Allen &  Unwin, 1922. 

_____ Mankind, Nations, and Individuals from a Linguistic Point of Viuew. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP, 1925.  

_____ The Philosophy of Grammar. New York: Norton, 1965. First published  in 1924. [H, R, N7; one of my favorite grammar books (and there are not a lot of them) Develops the concepts of "nexus" and "junction."]

_____ Progress in Language with Special Reference to English. London, 1894 

_____ Selected Writings. London: Allen & Unwin, 1962.

Jochnowitz, George. "Everybody Likes Pizza, Doesn't He or She?" American  Speech. 57 (1982), 198-203. 

Johnson-Laird, P.N., "Experimental Psycholinguistics," Annual Review of  Psychology 25 (1974): 135-60.

Jones, D. Everyman's English Pronouncing Dictionary, rev and ed by Gimson, A. C., Dent. 1977.

Joos, Martin. The English Verb: Form & Meaning. Madison: Univ. of Wisconsin Press, 1964.

_____ The Five Clocks. New York: Harcourt, Brace, 1967.[R;  A good book on bending the rules.]

Judy, Stephen N. Explorations in the Teaching of Secondary English. NY:  Dodd,Mead & Co., 1974.

Keen, John. Teaching English: A Linguistic Approach. Methuen, 1978. (R, N7)

Keller, Joseph R. Linguistic Theory and the Study of English. Minneapolis:  Burgess, 1968. [R, N7]

Kempson, R., Presupposition and the Delimitation of Semantics, Cambridge University Press, 1975.

Kirn, Elaine. Scenario 2: English Grammar in Context. Holt, 1984. 

_____ Scenario 3: English Grammar in Context. Holt, 1984. 

Koch, R.M. (1982) . Syllogisms and superstitions: The current state of responding to writing. Language Arts 59:5.

Kolln,  Martha. "Closing the Books on Alchemy." CCC. 32, (1981).  139-151. [HX;RN7 An excellent critique of the research which suggests that studying  grammar does not help students.]

_____.  "Miss Fidditch Gets a Makeover."  Syntax in the Schools, 14:3 (February,1998) pp. 1-4 .[H, R]

_____. Rhetorical grammar. New York: Macmillan., 1991. [H]

Krashen, Stephen D. "Applications of Psycholinguistic Research to the  Classroom," in Practical Applications of Research in Foreign Language Teaching, ed. D.J. James. Lincolnwood, Ill.:National Textbook, 1983.

Kress, G. R., ed, System and Function in Language, Oxford University Press, 1976.

Kuehner, Karen J. and John T. Reque. Language: Structure and Use. Glenview,  Ill.: Scott, Foresman, 1981. [T]

Kristeva, J. et al., eds Essays in Semiotics, The Hague, Mouton. 1971.

Labov, W. "The Logic of non-standard English." In Keddie, N., Tinker,  Tailor ... The Myth of Cultural Deprivation. Penguin, 1973. 

Lakoff, George. "The Role of Deduction in Grammar," Studies in Linguistic Semantics, Charles J. Fillmore and Terence Langendoen, eds.  New York. Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1971. 63-72. 

Langendoen, D. T. Essentials of English Grammar. NY: HRW, 1970.  

Lester, Mark. "The Value of Transformational Grammar in Teaching  Composition," CCC, 16 (1967), 228. 

Liublinskaya, A.A. "The development of children's speech and thought." In  Swan, B. (ed.) Psychology in the Soviet Union. Routledge & Kegan Paul,  1957.

Lloyd-Jones, Richard. "Romantic Revels--I Am Not You." CCC, 23 (1972),  251-271.

Lyons, J. Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics. Cambridge UP, 1968. 

_____ . ed. New Horizons in Linguistics. London: Penguin, 1970.

_____. Semantics, 2 vols, Cambridge University Press.1977.

Maculey, W.J. (1947) . The difficulty of grammar. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 17, 153-162.

Malmstrom, Jean.Grammar Basics: A Reading/Writing Approach. revised ed. Formerly An Introduction to Modern English Grammar. Rochelle Park, New Jersey: Hayden Book Company, 1977.  [H, R, N7 ; An example of an attempt to teach transformational grammar in schools-- it doesn't work.]

_____ Understanding Language: A Primer for the Language Arts Teacher. New York: St Martin's Press, 1977. [R, N7]

Marchand, H. The Categories and Types of Present-Day English Word-Formation, 2nd ed., Miinchen, C.H. Beck. 1969.

Marckwardt, Albert H. Linguistics & the Teaching of English. Bloomongton: Indiana UP, 1968. [R, N7]

Martin, E. "Toward and Analysis of Subjective Phrase Structure," Psychological Bulletin 74 (1970), 153-66. 

Martinet, A. A Functional View of Language. Oxford, 1962. 

McQuade, F. (1980). Examining a grammar course: The rationale and the result, English Journal, 69, 26-30. 

Memering, Dean. "Forward to the Basics," CE. 39 (Jan.78), 559.

Meredith, Robert C., The Art of Composition. Lincolnwood, Ill.: National  Textbook Company, 1984. [T]

Miller, George A. "The Magical Number Seven Plus or Minus Two: Some Limits on our Capacity for Processing Information," Psychological  Review 63 (1956), 81-97. [HX; R - The source of my psycholinguistic model of how the brain processes language.]

Miller, Jim. Semantics and Syntax. Cambridge UP, 1985?

Moffett, J.W. (1968) . Teaching the universe of discourse. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 

Morenberg, Max (1991) . Doing grammar. New York: Oxford University Press.

Mulroy, David, "The War against Grammar," Wisconsin Interest, Vol. 8, No. 2 (Fall/Winter 99), 11-16. (HXR, An interesting defense of the teaching of English grammar by a Professor of Latin and Greek.)

Neuleib, Janice, and Irene Brosnahan. 1987. "Teaching Grammar to Writers." Journal of Basic Writing, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp. 28-35.

Nist, John. A Structural History of English. New York: St. Martin's Press. 1966. 

Nixon, G. Understanding English Structure. Atlantic Heights, N.J.:  Humanities Press, 1983. 

Noden, H. and Vacca, R. 1994. Whole Language in the Middle and Secondary Schools. (See the Chapter on Grammar.) 

Noguchi, Rei  Grammar and the teaching of writing. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English, 1991. [H,R]

Osgood, Charles E., "Where Do Sentences Come From?" in Semantics: An Inter-disciplinary Reader. Danny Steinberg and Leon Jakobovits, eds. Cambridge:Cambridge UP, 1971, 497-529. 

Padley, G.A. Grammatical Theory in Western Europe, 1500-1700: The Trends in Vernacular Grammar . Cambridge UP, 1985?  (S=Chronicle- "Discusses the early grammar of the five main Western European Languages--English, French, German, Italian, and   Spanish.")

Palmer, F. Grammar. Penguin, 1971. (S=Keen, 115)

Parker, William Riley. "The Concept of Structure in English." 1961. The Language Curtain. New York: MLA, 1966. 41-52. 

Pei, Mario. How to Learn Languages and What Languages to Learn. NY: Harper, Row, 1966. [R, N7

Pergmutter, David M. and Soames, Scott. Syntactic Argumentation and the Structure of English. Berkeley:U of Cal Press, 1979.

Perlmutter, David M. & Soames, Scott. Syntactic Argumentation and the Structures of English. Berkeley: U of Cal Press, 1979. [R, N7; dropped]

Postman, Neil & Weingartner, Charles. Linguistics: A Revolution in Teaching. NY: Delta, 1966. [R, N7]

Pratt, M. L. Toward a Speech Act Theory of Literary Discourse, Bloomington, Indiana University Press. 1977.

Provost, G. (1990) . Make your words work, Cincinnati, Ohio: Writer's Digest Books 

Quirk, R. et al. A Contemporary Grammar of English. Longman, 1972.

_____.  Essays on English Language, Medieval and Modern, Longman. 1968.

_____.  The Linguist and the English Language, Edward Arnold. 1974.

_____. et al. 'Studies in the correspondence of prosodic to grammatical features in English', in Quirk, R. Essays on English Language, Medieval and Modern, Longman. 1968, 120-35.

_____, and Greenbaum, S. A University Grammar of English. Longman, 1973. 

Reed & Kellogg. Higher Lessons in English. NY: Clark & Masynard, 1878. [R, N7] (The originators of sentence diagramming.)

Roberts, Paul..English Sentences. NY: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1962. [R, N7] [based on work of Chomsky]

_____ . English Syntax. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1964.[R, N7] [This is his transformational grammar.]

_____ Modern Grammar. New York: Harcourt, Brace & World, 1968. [Transformational, from what I've read about it.]

_____  Patterns of English. New York:Harper & Row, 1956. [R; Structural]

_____ . Understanding English. NY: Harper & Row. 1958. [R, N7]

_____ Understanding Grammar. New York: Harper & Row, 1954. [HR;  This is the best pedagogical, traditional grammar I have found, (and it is probably still the best book for teaching students -- with the obvious exception of mine ;)  )]

Robins, R. H. General Linguistics: An Introductory Survey. London: Longmans Green, 1964. 

_____ A Short History of Linguistics. Bloomington: Indiana UP, 1970. [R, N7  A good book to start with.]

Rommetveit, R. Words, Meanings, and Messages. New York, 1968. 

Rose, *HR* Mike. "Remedial Writing Courses: A Critique and a Proposal" CE,  45 (1983), 109-128. 

Rosenblatt, L. (1978) . The reader, the text, the poem: The transactional theory of the literary work. Carbondale, Ill.: Southern Illinois University.

Sanborn, J. (1986) . Grammar: Good wine before its time. English Journal 75.3 (Mar.): 72-80.

Sapir, Edward. "Language." In his Culture, Language, Personality: Selected Essays. Ed. David G. Mandelbaum. Berkeley: Univ of Cal Press, 1956,  1-44.

Savage, John. ed. Linguistics for Teachers. Chicago: Science Research Associates. 1973. 

Schuster, Edgar H. "Reforming English Language Arts: Let's Trash the Tradition." Phi Delta Kappan. March 1999. 518 - 524.

Searle, J. R. Speech Acts, Cambridge University Press. 1969.

_____. 'What is a speech act?' in Giglioli, P. P. Language and Social Context, Harmondsworth, Penguin. 1975, 136-54.

_____. 'The logical status of fictional discourse' New Literary History, (1975) 6,319-32.

Seegers, J.C. "Form of Discourse and Sentence Structure," Elementary  English Review, 10 (March, 1933), 51-54. 

Sentence & the Paragraph, The. NCTE, 1966. [R, N7 An anthology of essays.] 

Shook, *HR* Ron. "Response to Martha Kolln," CCC, 34 (1983), 491-95. [R]

Sinclair, J.M. A Course in Spoken English: Grammar. Oxford UP, 1972. 

Small, Robert. "Why I'll Never Teach Grammar Again." English Education 17 No 3 (Oct 85), 174-79.[HR]

Smoot, W. Scott. "An Experiment in Teaching Grammar in Context." Voices from the Middle. March 2001 (8:3) 34-42. [This is a very interesting article on an attempt to integrate the teaching of writing and grammar. H,X (Voices)]

Stockwell, R. P., Foundations of Syntactic Theory, Englewood Cliffs, N. J., Prentice-Hall, 1977.

Stormzand, Michael, and M.V. O'Shea. How Much English Grammar? Baltimore:  Warwick and York, 1924. 

Stotsky, Sandra L. "Sentence-Combining as a Curricular Activity: Its Effect  on Written Language Development." RTE, 9 (1975), 30-72.

Thomas, Owen. Transformational Grammar and the Teacher of English. 1965.  [R]

Thornton, G. Language, Experience and School. Edward Arnold, 1974.

Trager, George L. and Henry Lee Smith, Jr., An Outline of English  Structure. 1957. 

Ullmann, S. Semantics: An Introduction to the Science of Meaning.  Blackwell, 1962. 

Van Dijk, T. A., Text and Context: explorations in the semantics and pragmatics of discourse, Longman, 1977.

Visser, F. Th. An Historical Syntax of the English Language. Leiden, 1963-. 

Waddell, Marie L., Robert M. Esch and Roberta R. Walker. The Art of Styling Sentences: 20 Patterns to Success. Woodbury, NY: Barron's Educational  Series, 1972. [THR; The trouble with this approach is that students get the idea that the patterns are boxes into which sentences must fit.]

Walker, E. and Wales, R., eds New Approaches to Language Mechanisms, Amsterdam, North-Holland. 1976.

Warner, A. (1993) . If the shoe no longer fits, wear it anyway? English Journal 82.5 (Sept.) 76-80. [R; anti-grammar]

Waterman, John T. Perspectives in Linguistics. 1963.

Weaver, Constance. Grammar for Teachers: Perspectives and Definitions. Urbana, Ill: NCTE, 1979. [R, N7 ; A misleading book -- its examples from students' writing are extremely simplistic compared to the sentences that students actually write.].

_____. Lessons to Share. Portsmouth, NH.: Boynton/Cook Publishers, Heinemann. 1998.

_____. Teaching grammar in context. Portsmouth, NH.: Boynton/Cook Publishers, Heinemann. 1996.

Whorf, B. L. Language, Thought and Reality, ed J. B. Carroll New York, MIT Press. 1956.

Williams, J.M. "Defining complexity." College English (1979) 40, 595-609.

_____. "The Phenomenology of Error." CCC 32 (May 81): 152-168. [HX,R]

Wold, A. H. Decoding Oral Language, Academic Press. 1978.

Yngve, V. 'The depth hypothesis' in Structure of Language and its Mathematical Aspects, Proceedings of Symposia in Applied Mathematics, (1961)  12, 130-8.

This border is a reproduction of François Boucher's (1703 - 1770) 
Diana's Return from the Hunt (1745)
from Carol Gerten's Fine Art
[for educational use only]
Click here for the directory of my backgrounds based on art.