Pennsylvania College of  Technology
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Dr. Ed Vavra, 
Assoc. Prof. of Rhetoric

Bibliographies Section


     This is, of course, not my field, but the following are things that either I found interesting or that look interesting.

Ashley, Roscoe. Early European Civilization. NY: Macmillan, 1916. [HR, N7

Baumer, Franklin. Modern European Thought: Continuity and Change in Ideas, 1600-1950. NY. Macmillan, 1977. [HR, N7

Berlin, Isaiah. Against the Current

_____. The Crooked Timber of Humanity. 

_____ . Four Essays on Liberty

_____. The Hedgehog and the Fox  [R - a great book!]

_____ . Karl Marx.

_____. The Magus of the North.

_____. Russian Thinkers.

_____. The Sense of Reality: Studies in Ideas and their History. NY: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 1996. [R, N7]

_____. Vico & Herder: Two Studies in the History of Ideas. NY: Viking, 1976. [HR, N7

Bronowski, J. Magic, Science & Civilization. NY: Columbia UP, 1978. [HR, N7

Durant, Will & Ariel. The Lessons of History. NY: Simon & Schuster, 1968. [HR, N7

Gasset, Jose Ortega. History as a System and Other Essays toward a Philosophy of History. NY: Norton, 1961. [HR, N7

Horton, Rod W. & Vincent Hopper. Backgrounds of European Litearature: The Political, Social, and Intellectual Development behind the Great Books of Western Civilization, 2nd ed. Prentice-Hall, 1975. [HR, N7

Huizinga, Johan. Men & Ideas: History, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance. NY: Meridian, 1959. [HR, N7

Kirchner, Walther. Western Civilization Since 1500. NY: Barnes & Noble, 1966. [HR, N7

Lefebvre, Georges. The Coming of the French Revolution, 1789. Trans. R.R. Palmer. NY: Vintage, 1947. [HR, N7

Hussey, J.M. The Byzantine World. NY: Harper Torchbooks, 1961. [HR, N7

Mosse, W.E. Alexander II and the Modernization of Russia. NY: Collier, 1962. [HR, N7

Trotsky, Leon. The Russian Revolution. (Selected & Edited by F.W. Dupre) Anchor, 1932. [HR, N7

This border presents

Jacques Louis David's
Mars Disarmed by Venus and the Three Graces
1824,Musées Royaux des Beaux-Arts at Brussels
Carol Gersten's Fine Art

Click here for the directory of my backgrounds based on art.

[for educational use only]