ENL 121 (Pennsylvania College of Technology) 
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Dr. Ed Vavra
A Beginner's Canon

The Holy Bible, Authorized King James Version

Homer, The Iliad Homer, The Odyssey Sophocles, Oedipus the King (Oedipus Rex)

Sophocles, Antigone

Plato, The Republic, especially "The Myth of the Cave"

Ovid, Metamorphoses Saint Augustine, The Confessions
Dante, The Divine Comedy Giovanni Boccaccio, The Decameron Niccolo Machiavelli, The Prince Giambattista Vico, Principles of a New Science Miguel de Cervantes, Don Quixote Geoffrey Chaucer, The Canterbury Tales William Shakespeare John Donne Andrew Marvell, "To His Coy Mistress" John Milton, Paradise Lost Jonathan Swift Daniel Defoe, Robinson Crusoe Laurence Sterne, The Life and Opinions of Tristram Shandy, Gentleman Michel de Montaigne, Essays, especially "Of Experience" Francois Rabelais, Gargantua and Pantagruel Moliere, The Misanthrope Blaise Pascal, Pensees Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Emile Voltaire, Candide

Erasmus, In Praise of Folly

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Faust, Parts One & Two

Honore de Balzac, Old Goriot (also translated as Pere Goriot)

Stendhal, The Red and the Black

Gustave Flaubert, Madame Bovary

Emile Zola, Germinal Henrik Ibsen, A Doll's House

William Blake

William Wordsworth

Jane Austen, Pride and Prejudice

Lord Byron, Don Juan

John Keats, "Ode on a Grecian Urn"

Robert Browning, "My Last Duchess"

Charles Dickens

Matthew Arnold, "Dover Beach" John Stuart Mill, On Liberty

Lewis Carroll, Alice in Wonderland

Charlotte Bronte, Jane Eyre

Emily Bronte, Wuthering Heights

Francis Thompson, "The Hound of Heaven"

Samuel Butler, Erewhon

Oscar Wilde, The Picture of Dorian Gray

George Eliot

Robert Louis Stevenson, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Friedrich Nietzsche Alexander Pushkin Nikolai Gogol Mikhail Lermontov, A Hero of Our Time Ivan Turgenev, Fathers and Sons Fyodor Dostoevsky Leo Tolstoy Anton Chekhov, The Cherry Orchard James Fenimore Cooper, The Deerslayer

Ralph Waldo Emerson, Essays

Emily Dickinson

Walt Whitman    [Click here to go to the Columbia University Bartleby Collection on Whitman.] Nathaniel Hawthorne Herman Melville, Moby-Dick Edgar Allen Poe Henry David Thoreau, Walden

Kate Chopin

Stephen Crane, The Red Badge of Courage

Henry James

Mark Twain, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

Luigi Pirandello

Federico Garcia Lorca, Blood Wedding

Jean-Paul Sartre, No Exit

Albert Camus, The Stranger Eugene Ionesco, The Bald Soprano

William Butler Yeats

George Bernard Shaw, Pygmalion

Thomas Hardy, The Return of the Native

Joseph Conrad

D.H. Lawrence

Virginia Woolf

James Joyce

Samuel Beckett, Waiting for Godot

Aldous Huxley, Brave New World

W. H. Auden

George Orwell, 1984

Franz Kafka

Bertolt Brecht, Mother Courage

Thomas Mann

Andrei Bely, Petersburg

Mikhail Bulgakov, The Master and Margarita

Boris Pasternak, Dr. Zhivago

Edwin Arlington Robinson

Robert Frost

Edith Wharton

Willa Cather

Gertrude Stein

Wallace Stevens, "Sunday Morning"

Theodore Dreiser, Sister Carrie

Sherwood Anderson

T.S. Eliot

Katherine Anne Porter

Eugene O'Neill, Long Day's Journey into Night

F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby

William Faulkner

Ernest Hemingway John Steinbeck, The Grapes of Wrath

Zora Neale Hurston, Their Eyes Were Watching God

Eudora Welty

Flannery O'Connor

Vladimir Nabokov, Lolita

J. D. Salinger, The Catcher in the Rye

Tennessee Williams

Arthur Miller, Death of a Salesman

Toni Morrison, Song of Solomon

Joyce Carol Oates

Philip Roth, Portnoy's Complaint

John Updike