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(Code and Color Key)

  The Three Little Butterfly Brothers (Part 1)
A German Fairy Tale
Analysis Key

     There were once three little butterfly brothers (PN), one white, one red, 

and one yellow. [#1| They played {in the sunshine}, and danced {among the

flowers} {in the garden}, | and they never grew tired (PA) [Adv. to "never" 

because they were so happy (PA).] |

     One day [NuA] there came a heavy rain (PN) [#2], | and it wet their 

wings (DO). | They flew away home [NuA] , | but [Adv. to "found" when

they got there] they found the door locked [#3] and the key gone. [#3] | 

So they had to stay {out of doors} {in the rain}, | and they grew wetter

(PA) and wetter (PA). |

     By and by they flew {to the red and yellow striped tulip}, and said: [DO of

"said" "Friend Tulip [DirA], will you open your flower-cup (DO) and let us

(DO) in [Adv. to "let" till the storm is over?'']] |

     The tulip answered: [DO of "answered" "The red and yellow butterflies

may enter, [Adv. to "may" because they are {like me} (PA)]], but 

[DO of "answered" the white one may not come in."] |

     But the red and yellow butterflies said: [DO of "said" [Adv. to "will stay

""If our white brother may not find shelter (DO) {in your flower-cup},

why [Inj]then, we'll stay outside {in the rain} {with him}."] |

1. Within KISS grammatical concepts, there are several ways of analyzing these. At KISS Level Three, students who are comfortable working with clauses might view them as ellipsed clauses modifying "brothers" -- "one *of which was* white, one *of which was* red, and one *of which was* yellow." At levels four and five, some students might explain the "one" as appositives to "brothers," and "white,:" "red," and "yellow" as post-positioned adjectives. Personally, I prefer the explanation using ellipsed clauses, but I would also accept an explanation that considered them as three noun absolutes ("one *being* white," etc.) that function as appositives to "brothers."
2. KISS explains this as a palimpsest pattern with "came" written over "was." Alternatively, it can be explained as "there" being an expletive and "rain" being the subject. See KISS Level  2.1.3 - Expletives (Optional).
3. At KISS Level Four, students learn to explain "locked" and "gone" as gerundives to "door" and "key," respectively. I prefer the explanation using noun absolutes that function as nouns. Here, of course, they function as direct objects. The second case here especially begs for the noun absolute explanation. Although we can sensibly say that they found the door that was locked, it makes no sense to say that "key gone" here means that they found the key that was gone.