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  The Three Little Butterfly Brothers (Part 2)
A German Fairy Tale
Analysis Key

     It rained harder and harder, | and the poor little butterflies grew wetter

(PA) and wetter (PA), [Adv. (result) to "grew" so they flew {to the white lily} 

and said: [DO of "said" "Good Lily [DirA], will you open your bud (DO) a 

little [NuA] [Adv. to "will open" so we may creep in {out of the rain}?"]]] |

     The lily answered: [DO of "answered" "The white butterfly may come in,

[Adv. to "may come" because he is {like me} (PA),]] but [DO of "answered"

the red and yellow ones must stay outside {in the storm}."] |

     Then the little white butterfly said: [DO of "said" [Adv. to "will stay" "If you

won't receive my red and yellow brothers (DO),] why [Inj], then, I'll stay 

out {in the rain} {with them}.] | We would rather be wet (PA) than be 

parted [#5]."|

     So the three little butterflies flew away. |

     But the sun, [Adj. to "sun" who was {behind a cloud}], heard it (DO)

all [#6], | and he knew [#2] [DO of "knew" what good little brothers (PN) the 

butterflies were,] and [DO of "knew" how they had held together {in spite}

{of the wet}.] | So he pushed his face (DO) {through the clouds}, and chased 

away the rain (DO), and shone brightly {on the garden}. |

     He dried the wings (DO) {of the three little butterflies}, and warmed their

bodies (DO). | They ceased to sorrow [#3] (DO), and danced {among the

flowers} {till evening}, [#4] | then they flew away home [NuA], and found the 

door wide open [#7] . |

1. Should a student argue that the clause after "answered" is not its direct object, and that the colon separates main clauses, I would accept the argument. See "Alternative Explanations."
2. Although I'm not happy with it, I can see some students arguing that the direct objects here are "what good little brothers" and "how." This would result in two adjectival clauses -- He knew what good little brothers (DO) [Adj. to "brothers" the butterflies were] and how (DO) [Adj. to "how" they had held together in spite of the wet]. Depending on my mood and on how much time the class had to devote to it, I would either quickly accept it as a possible alternative explanation, or I would ask the class to discuss the two explanations. Then I would ask for an informal vote.
3. At KISS Level Four, "to sorrow" would be explained as an infinitive that functions as the direct object of "ceased."
4.  This comma was in the text as I found it. Technically, it is a comma-splice -- two main clauses joined only by a comma. Most textbooks consider such splices to be errors, and many teachers try to eradicate them, but we need to keep in mind that professional writers often break the rules.
5. Some grammarians argue that this should be explained as an ellipsed subordinate clause with "than" functioning as a subordinate conjunction -- "We would rather be wet than *we would ?rather?* be parted." If this makes sense to students, then let them explain it that way. Other students may prefer the KISS explanation which is to say that "than" here functions as a preposition and "be parted" is an infinitive (with "to" ellipsed") that functions as the object of the preposition. See also: "Alternative Explanations." 
6. "All" can be explained in several ways: 1) as an adverb (meaning "completely"), 2) as a regular old adjective to "it," or 3) as a post-positioned adjective to "it."
7. KISS explains "door wide open" as an ellipsed infinitive construction, with "door" the subject and "open" a predicate adjective of an ellipsed infinitive "to be." The infinitive phrase is the direct object of "found." See "Ellipsed Infinitives" in KISS Level 4.