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Combining Sentences 
to Create Adverbial Clauses
Based on "Androcles and the Lion"
The Children's Own Readers - Book Three
by Mary E. Pennell and Alice M. Cusack, Illustrated by Maurice Day and Harold Sichel
Boston: Ginn and Company 1929

Use one of the following subordinating conjunctions to combine the sentences by making one of the main clauses subordinate -- after, as, because, before, when
1. Put parentheses ( ) around each prepositional phrase. 
2. Underline subjects once, finite verbs twice, and label complements ("PN," "PA," "IO," "DO").
3. Place brackets around each subordinate clause. Draw an arrow from the opening bracket of each adverbial clause to the word that the clause modifies. 
4. Put a vertical line at the end of every main clause.

1. The lion came near. Androcles saw that he was walking very slowly.

2. The thorn was out. Then the lion rolled over and over in his joy.

3. One day Androcles left the cave to walk into the forest. Suddenly he was seized by some soldiers.

4. The lion reached Androcles. He stopped and sniffed the air.

5. Then a mighty shout went up. The people saw that Androcles and the lion were friends.