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Combining Sentences to Create Adverbial Clauses
Based on "Androcles and the Lion"
The Children's Own Readers - Book Three
Analysis Key

You may want to have students briefly note the different meanings that result from the use of different conjunctions.

1. The lion came near. Androcles saw that he was walking very slowly.

[Adv. to "saw" As the lion came near,] Androcles saw [DO that he was walking very slowly]. |
2. The thorn was out. Then the lion rolled over and over in his joy.
[Adv. to "rolled" When the thorn was out,] the lion rolled over and over {in his joy}. |
3. One day Androcles left the cave to walk into the forest. Suddenly he was seized by some soldiers.
One day [NuA] Androcles left the cave (DO) to walk [#1] {into the forest} [Adv. to "left" when suddenly he was seized (P) {by some soldiers}]. |
4. The lion reached Androcles. He stopped and sniffed the air.
Just [#2] [Adv. to "stopped" and "sniffed" as the lion reached Androcles (DO),] he stopped and sniffed the air (DO). |
5. Then a mighty shout went up. The people saw that Androcles and the lion were friends.
Then a mighty shout went up [#3] [Adv. to "went up" because the people saw [DO that Androcles and the lion were friends (PN)]]. |

Notes
1. The verbal (infinitive) "to walk" functions as and adverb (of purpose) to "left."
2. The adverb "Just" modifies the following adverbial clause.
3. "Went up" means "arose" so it can be considered the finite verb. Alternatively, "up
 can be explained as an adverb.