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Exercise # 11 Based on
The Tale of Samuel Whiskers by Beatrix Potter
"You" as the Understood Subject
Analysis Key

     For this exercise you might want to add to the directions that students should write in the understood subject.

1. *You* Come in, Cousin Ribby [DirA]. |

2. *You* Make it (DO) properly, Anna Maria [DirA], {with breadcrumbs}. |

3. *You* Come away {at once}. |

4. Anna Maria, [DirA] *you* [#1] make me (IO) a kitten dumpling roly-poly pudding (DO) {for my dinner}. |

5. *You* Help me to tie up some mutton bones [#2] {in a counterpane}. |

6. *You* Let us collect our property [#3]. |


Notes
1. I would expect some students to mark "Anna Maria" as the subject here, but the comma separates it from the verb, thus making the subject an understood "you."
2. "Bones" is the direct object of the infinitive "to tie." "Me" functions as both the indirect object of "help" and the subject of the infinitive. The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "help."
3. "Property" is the direct object of the infinitive "collect." "Us" is the subject of the infinitive and the infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "Let."