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Unusual Prepositional Phrases Exercise #2
Answer Key

1. {Without catching a fish [#1] }, fishing is not very much fun (PN). |

2. Lucy likes everything (DO) {from playing baseball [#2] } {to taking pictures [#2] } {of games}. |

3. Rubie couldn't sleep {since having had a nightmare [#3] }. |

4.  Arthur, {without asking permission [#4] }, went {to the river} to swim. |

5.  {Before going home [#5] }, they played a game (DO). |


Note
1. "Fish" is the direct object of "catching," which is a gerund that functions as the object of the preposition. "Fishing" is a verbal (a gerund) that functions as the subject of "is."
2. "Baseball" is the direct object of "playing," and "pictures" is the direct object of "taking."
3. "Nightmare" is the direct object of "having had."
4. "Permission" is the direct object of "asking." The verbal (infinitive) "to swim" functions as an adverb of purpose to "went."
5. "Home" is a noun used as an adverb to modify the gerund "going."