The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks The KISS Workbooks Anthology
(Code and Color Key)

"You" Understood as the Subject
From "Hansel and Grethel"
in  My Book of Favorite Fairy Tales
Analysis Key

1. "*You* Be quiet (PA), Grethel [DirA]." |

2. "*You* Do not cry." |

3. "*You* Get up, you [DirA] lazy things [#1]." |

4. "*You* Wait a little while [NuA] ." |

5.  "*You* Sit down here | [#2] and *you* rest." |

6. "*You* "Do not weep." |

7. "*You* "Get up, you lazy brat [#1]." |

8. "Now, you [DirA] children [#1], [#3] *you* lie down {near the fire}, | [#2] and 

*you* rest yourselves (DO)." |

9. "Hansel [DirA], *you* stretch out your finger (DO)." |

10. "*You* Be {of good cheer} (PA) [#4], dear sister [DirA], | [#2] and

*you* sleep {in peace}." |


Notes
1. In constructions like "you lazy things," "you lazy brat," and "you children," the second noun can be explained as an appositive to the "you."
2. In sentences with an implied "you" as subject and compound finite verbs, we can explain the clause structure either as a single clause with compounded verbs, or as two separate clauses. [I have never seen a grammar textbook deal with this question, and the only context in which the question is important is in statistical studies of words (or compounds) per main clause.]
3. Some students will want to see either the first "you" or "children" as the subject of "lie" and "rest," but for most readers the comma after children tends to break the S/V connection.
4. Alternatively, "of good cheer" can be explained as an adverb to "Be." [It depends on whether one reads "of good cheer" as answering the question "Be what?" or "Be how?"