The Printable KISS Grammar Workbooks Back to ToC
(Code and Color Keys)

SHALL I SING? by Kate Greenaway
Analysis Key

[DO of "says" "SHALL I sing?"] says [#1] the Lark, |
[DO of "says" "Shall I bloom?"] says the Flower; |
[DO of "says" "Shall I come?"] says the Sun, |
[DO of "says" "Or shall I?"] says the Shower. |

*You* Sing your song (DO), pretty Bird [DirA], |
Roses [DirA], [#2] *you* bloom {for an hour}; |
*You* Shine on, dearest Sun [DirA], |
*You* Go away, naughty Shower [DirA]! |

1. At this KISS Level, it is probably easier to consider "says" as the main verb and the preceding clauses as direct objects. In upper levels, when students start dealing with longer, more complicated sentences, KISS switches to considering the first clause as main and the second ("says") clauses as interjections. I can hear some grammarians complaining about that, but they should read about Bruner's concept of the spiral curriculum.
2. The comma that separates "Roses" and "bloom" breaks the S/V bond that would otherwise exist between them and thus makes "Roses" function as direct address and turns "bloom" into a command (imperative).