The Printable KISS Workbooks KISS Workbooks Anthology
(Code and Color Key)

Prepositions that Follow their Objects (#1)
Based on Black Beauty, by Anna Sewell
Analysis Key

1. But his voice was [PN what [#1] I should know him (DO) by ]. |
 

2. I could have told my master (IO) [DO where [#2] his oats went to]. |
 

3. I wonder [DO what [#3] she is writing {to mother} about]. |
 

4. I've seen [DO what [#4] horses come to {at that work} {round London}]. |
 

5. We soon found [DO that the country [Adj. to "country" we had come 

to [#5] ] was very different (PA) {from our own}. |


Notes
1. This "what" functions both as the subordinating conjunction and the object of the preposition "by."
2. "Where" is both the subordinating conjunction and the object of the preposition "to." Note that if the "to" were not there, "where" would function as an adverb within the subordinate clause.
3. This "what" functions both as the subordinating conjunction and the object of the preposition "about."
4. This "what" functions both as the subordinating conjunction and the object of the preposition "to."
5. The meaningful object of "to" is obviously "country." Instead of seeing "country" as simultaneously a subject and an object of a preposition, some people may prefer to explain this through an ellipsed "that ("that we had come to"). In this view, the ellipsed "that" would be the object of "to."