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An Exercise on Mixed Clauses
Based on "How Horatius Kept the Bridge,"
from - Golden Deeds: Stories from History Retold for Little Folk

 
1. [Adv. (of cause) to "rose" As they were wicked men (PN)], the Roman 

people rose up {against them}, and drove them (DO) {out of the city}. |
 

2. The banished kings then went {to Tuscany}, [Adj. to "Tuscany" where 

Lars Porsena took up their cause (DO), and gathering an army [#1] together,

went to help them force an entrance [#2] {into Rome} again]. |
 

3. The pathway is so narrow (PA), [ [#3] said he], [Adv. (of result) to "so"

that [Adv. (of condition) to "can stop" if two others will help me (IO)], we 

can stop the whole army (DO) {from advancing [#4] }. | So who will keep the 

bridge (DO) {with me}? |
 

4. Lartius and Herminius just succeeded {in getting [#5] safely} {to the farther 

bank}, | but Horatius remained facing the foe [#6] [Adv. to "facing" until the

last beam fell]. |
 

5. Then {with a cry} he leapt {into the foaming stream}, | and [Adv. to "managed" 

although *he was* [#7]  badly wounded (P) and heavy (PA) {with his armour}],

he managed to rejoin his comrades [#8] {on dry land}, {to the joy} {of the whole city}. |


Notes
1. "Army" is the direct object of the gerundive "gathering," which functions as an adjective to "Lars Porsena."
2. "Entrance" is the direct object of the infinitive "force," the subject of which is "them." "Them" also functions as the indirect object of the infinitive "help," and the "force" phrase functions as the direct object of "help." The entire "help" phrase functions as an adverb (of purpose) to "went."
3. KISS treats this clause as an interjection. For an explanation and more exercises, see KISS Level 3.2.3 - Interjection? Or Direct Object? This particular group of sentences is an excellent example of the questions involved. Note that the "So" clause, which most grammars consider a separate main clause (as does KISS), also functions as a meaningful direct object of "said."
4. "Advancing" is a gerund.
5.  "Getting" is a gerund.
6. "Foe" is the direct object of the gerundive "facing." This gerundive can be explained in two ways. For one, is can be considered a predicate adjective in a palimpsest pattern with "remained" written over "was." Alternatively, it can be explained as modifying "Horatius."
7. This is a semi-reduced clause. For more on them, see KISS Level 3.2.1 - Semi-Reduced and Other Ellipsed Clauses.
8. "Comrades" is the direct object of the infinitive "to join." The infinitive phrase functions as the direct object of "managed."