Introduction to the KISS Workbooks
An Exercise on Passive Verbs
Based on "How Horatius Kept the Bridge,"
from - Golden Deeds:
Stories from History Retold for Little Folk
London: Blackie and Son Limited
1. Place parentheses ( ) around each prepositional phrase. 
2. Underline finite verbs twice, their subjects once, and label complements (PA, PN, IO, or DO). 
3. Place brackets [ ] around each subordinate clause. 
4. Place a vertical line after each main clause. 
5. Draw an oval around each passive verb phrase.

1. More than two thousand years ago Rome was ruled over by some kings 

     called the Tarquins. 

2. The city could only be entered by crossing the river Tiber, and there was 

     but one wooden bridge over which the army could pass.

3. Then the leader of the Romans, who was called the Consul, cried out 

     to his followers to destroy the bridge.

4. At this a Roman called Horatius came forward and offered to stand at 

     the farther end of the bridge, to keep the Tuscans at bay while it was 

     being destroyed.

5. But their laughter was soon changed to wrath and despair, as one after 

     the other they and their chiefs were quickly laid low at the feet of the 

     dauntless Romans.

6. Meanwhile the supports of the bridge were destroyed.

7. During his gallant fight, a dart from an enemy’s arrow had put out one 

     eye, and because of this he was given the surname of Cocles, which 

     means one-eyed.