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An Exercise in Decombining Clauses
Based on "William Tell,"
from - Golden Deeds: Stories from History Retold for Little Folk
Analysis Key

Note: Sentences can, of course, be decombined in any number of ways.

1. The name {of this man} was Gessler (PN), | and {in order} to test the people’s 

obedience [#1], he placed his hat (DO) {upon a pole} {in the market square} 

{of one} {of the principal towns}, and commanded [DO that all [Adj. to "all"

who passed it (DO) ] should bow down {before it} {in token} {of respect}]. |

The name of this man was Gessler. In order to test the people’s obedience, he placed his hat upon a pole in the market square of one of the principal towns. He commanded that all who passed it should bow down before it in token of respect.
2. The tyrant, [Adj. to "tyrant" who knew him to be a clever archer [#2] ], said

[DO that his life would be spared (P) only {on the condition} [Adj. to "condition" 

that he should {with an arrow} hit an apple (DO) placed [#3] {upon the head}

{of his only son}]]. |

The tyrant knew him to be a clever archer. He said that his life would be spared only on one condition. He should with an arrow hit an apple placed upon the head of his only son. 

Notes
1. "Obedience" is the direct object of the infinitive "to test." The infinitive phrase functions as an adjective to "order."
2. "Archer" is a predicate noun after the infinitive "to be"; "him" is the subject of the infinitive, and the infinitive phrase is the direct object of "knew."
3. "Placed" is a gerundive that modifies "apple."